The news will horrify everyone.
A attract B terrify C tempt D excite
The article sketched the major events of the decade.
A described B offered C outlined D presented
I won't tolerate that kind of behavior.
A bear B accept C admit D take
Their style of playing football is utterly different.
A barely B scarcely C hardly D totally
Her sister urged her to apply for the job.
A advised B caused C forced D promised
Even sensible men doabsurd things.
A unusual B ridiculous C special D typical
She bumped into her boyfriend in town this morning.
A walked B came C fled D ran
This sort of thing is bound to happen.
A sure B quick C fast D swift
At the age of 30. Hersey suddenly became a celebrity.
A boss B manager C star D dictator
He cannot discriminate between a good idea and a bad one.
A judge B assess C distinguish D recognize
They are concerned for the fate of the forest and the Indians whodwell in it.
A live B sleep C hide D gather
The index is the government's chief gauge of future economic activity.
A method B measure C way D manner
The architecture isharmonious and no building is over six-storey high.
A old-fashioned B traditional C conventional D balanced
The food is inadequate for ten people.
A demanded B qualified C insufficient D required
Shepersevered in her ideas despite obvious objections raised by friends.
A persisted B insisted C resisted D suggested
Creating a World without Smoking
Smoking will be banned in all pubs, clubs and workplaces from next year after historic
votes in the Commons last night. After last-minute appeals from health campaigners, MPs
opted for a blanket prohibition which will start in summer 2007, ending months of argument
over whether smokers should be barred in pubs and restaurants only. They voted to ban
smoking in all pubs and clubs by 384 t0 184, a surprisingly large majority of 200.
Smoking will still be allowed in the home and in places considered to be homes. such
as prisons, care homes and hotels.
Smokers lighting up in banned areas will face a fixed penality notice of ~50 and spot
fines of ~200 will be introduced for failing to display no-smoking signs. with the possible
penalty, if the issue goes to court, increasing to ~1, 000.
Carpline Flint, the Public Health Minister, also anncunced that the fine for failing to
stop people smoking in banned areas would be increased to ~2, 500 - more than ten times
the 200 0riginally proposed.
The Bill also allows the Government to increase the age for buying cigarettes. Ministers
will consult on raising it from 16 to 18.
The Bill now goes to the Lords but will be through by the summer recess.
Even a plan to allow smoking to continue in private clubs was thrown out as MPs on all
sides were given permission to vote with their conscience rather than on a party line.
Patricia Hewitt, tne Health Secretary, said the Health Bill would ban smoking in
“virtually every enclosed public place and workplace" in England and save thousands of
lives a year. Smoke-free workplaces and public places "will become the norm".
She said: "An additional 600, 000 people will give up smoking as a result of this law
and millions more wili be protected from second-hand smoke.”
Peter Hollins, director-general of the British Heart Foundation. said: "The vote is a
landmark victory for the public health of this country and will save the lives of many people.”
Aban on smoking in all pubs, clubs and workplaces will begin fn summer 2007.
A Right B Wrong e Not mentioned
The iaw doesn't seem to apply to officiais.
ARight B Wrong e Not mentioned
0ne can nevertheless smoke at home.
ARight B Wrong C Not mentioned
There js a possibility for the Government to raise the age for buying cigarectes.
ARight B Wrong C Not mentioned
The Government will shut down cigarette factories in large numbers.
ARight B Wrong C Not mentioned
The Government wiil definitely impose a much heavier tax on tobacco.
ARight B Wrong C Not mentioned
The Government will take necessary measures to help smokers give up smoking.
ARight B Wrong C Not mentioned
Things to Know about the U. K
1 From Buckingham Palace to Oxford, the U. K. is loaded with wonderful icons (标志) of
past eras. But it has also modernized with confidence. It's now better known for vibrant
(罗苞满活JJWJ) cities with great nightlife and attraction. Fashions, fine dining, clubbing,
shopping - the U. K. is among the world's best.
2 Most people have strong preconceptions about the British. But if you're one of these
people, you'd be wise to abandon those ideas. Visit a nightclub in one of the big cities, a
football match. or a good local pub and you might more readily describe the English people
as humorous and hospitable. It's certainly true that no other country in the world has more
bird-watchers, sports supporters, pet owners and gardeners than the U. K.
3 Getting around England is pretty easy. Budget (廉价的) airlines like EasyjET and
Rynnair fly domestically. Trains can deliver you very efficiently from one major city to
another. Long distance express buses are called coaches. Whhere coaches and buses run
on the same route, coaches are more expensive (though quicker) than buses. London's
famous black cabs are excellent but expensive. Minicabs are cheaper competitors, with
freelance (个体的) drivers. But usually you need to give a call first. London's
underground is called the Tube. It's very convenient and can get you to almost any part of
4 The U. K. is not famous for its food. But you still need to know some of the traditional
English foods. The most famous must be fish and chips. The fish and chips are deep fried
in flour. English breakfast is something you need to try. It is fried bacon, sausages, fried
eggs, black pudding, fried tomatoes, fried bread and baked beans. with toast and a pot of
tea. Other things like shepherd's pie and Yorkshire pudding are also well-known as a part of
English food culture.
5 Pubbing and clubbing are the main forms of English nightlife, especially for the young.
Pubbing means going to a pub with friends, having drinks, and chatting. Clubbing is
different from pubbing and includes going to a pub, or a place of music, or a bar, or any
other places to gather with friends. Clubbing can be found everywhere. Usually there is
some kind of dress code for clubbing, such as no jeans, no sportswear, or smart
clubwear. while pubbing is much more casual.
Paragraph 2 ____
Paragraph 3 ____
Paragraph 4 _____
Paragraph 5 ____
A faster but more expensive than buses
B both ancient and modern
C humorous and hospitable
D cheap and efficient
E traditional and famous
F clever and hardworking
The U. K. is a country that is _____
The British people are ______
Coaches in the U. K. are _____
Fish and chips are ______
Trying to Find a Partner
One of the most striking findings of a recent poll in the U.K.is that of the people
interviewed, one in two believes that it is becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a
Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships'l
Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love'l Or are we making it harder for
It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from
relationships. Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status. A man
doesn't expect his spouse to be in sole charge of running his household and raising his
But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means
that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.
In theory, finding a partner should be much simpler these days. Only a few
generations ago, your choice of soulmate（心上人） was constrained by geography, social
convention and family tradition. Although it was never explicit, many marriages were
Now those barriers have been broken down. You can approach a builder or a brain
surgeon in any bar in any city on any given evening.When the world is your oyster（牡蛎）, you surely have a better chance of finding a pearl.
But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint:
the tyranny of choice.
The expectations of partners are inflated to an unmanageable degree: good looks,
impressive salary, kind to grandmother, and right socks. There is no room for error in the
We think that a relationship can be perfect. If it isn't, it is disposable. We work to
protect ourselves against future heartache and don't put in the hard emotional labor needed
to build a strong relationship. Of course, this is complicated by realities. The cost of
housing and child-rearing creates pressure tO have a stable income and career before a life
What does the recent poll show7
A It is getting more difficult for a woman to find her husband.
B It is getting increasingly difficult to start a family.
C It is getting more difficult for a man to find his wife.
D It is getting increasingly difficult to develop an intimate relationship with your spouse.
Which of the following is NOT true about a contemporary married couple?
A The wife doesn't have to raise the children all by herself.
B The husband doesn't have to support the family all by himself.
C The wife is no longer the only person to manage the household.
D They will receive a large sum of money from the government.
Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one's choice of soulmate in the old days'l
A The health condition of his or her grandmother.
B The geographical environment.
C The social convention.
D The family tradition.
Which of the following is NOT expected of a partner according to this passage?
A Good looks. B An impressive career.
C A high salary. D A fine sense of humor.
The word "sustain" (paragraph 2) could be best replaced by
A " reduce. " B "shake. "
C "maintain. " D "weaken. "
Former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic was found dead last Saturday in his cell at
the Hague-based International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. The 64-year-old
had been on trial there since February 2002.
Born in provincial Pozarevac in 1941 , he was the second son of a priest and a school
teacher. Both of his parents died when he was still a young adult. The young Milosevic was
"untypical", says Slavoljub Djukic, his unofficial biographer. He was "not interested in
sports, avoided excursions (短途旅行) and used to come to school dressed in the old-
fashioned way - white shirt and tie. " One of his old friends said, he could "imagine him
as a station-master or punctilious (一丝不苟的) civil servant. "
Indeed that is exactly what he might have become, had he not married Mira. She was
widely believed to be his driving force.
At university and beyond he did well. He worked for various firms and was a communist
party member. By 1986 he was head of Serbia's Central Committee. But still he had not
yet really been noticed.
It was Kosovo that gave him his chance. An autonomous province of Serbia, Kosovo
was home to an Albanian majority and a Serbian minority. In 1989, he was sent there to
calm fears of Serbians who felt they were discriminated against. But instead he played the
nationalist card and became their champion. In so doing, he changed into a ruthless (无情
的) and determined man. At home with Mira he plotted the downfall of his political
enemies. Conspiring (密谋) with the director of Serbian T. V. , he mounted a modern
media campaign which aimed to get him the most power in the country.
He was elected Serbian president in 1990. In 1997, he became president of
Yugoslavia. The rest of the story is well-known: his nationalist card caused Yugoslavia's
other ethnic groups to fight for their own rights, power and lands. Yugoslavia broke up
when four of the six republics declared independence in 1991. War started and lasted for
years and millions died. Then Western countries intervened. N. A. T. O. bombedYugoslavia ，
and he eventually stepped down as state leader in 2000.
Soon after this, Serbia's new government, led by Zoran Djindjic, arrested him and
sent him to face justice at the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in the Hague.
Where did Milosevic die?
A In a basement. B In a prison.
C In Kosovo. D In his own country.
Which of the following is NOT true of the young Milosevic?
A He dressed in a pretty old-fashioned way.
B He was not interested in sports.
C He often avoided excursions.
D He was extremely ambitious.
All of the following persons changed his fate in one way or another EXCEPT
A Mira. B his parents.
C Zoran Djindjic. D the Director of Serbian T. V.
Why was Milosevic sent to Kosovo in 1989?
A To handle economic issues.
B To drive the Albanians back to their own country.
C To remove the Serbians' fears of being discriminated against.
D To launch an attack against his political enemies.
What happened in 1991?
A Yugoslavia broke up. B Western countries intervened.
C N. A. T. O. bombed Yu oslavia. D Milosevic was arrested.
The World Cup
This summer's World Cup competition will see teams competing to play the world's best
football. But the football they play will not all be of the same kind. . The fans expect different
styles of play from Brazil, Germany, or ltaly.
What makes Brazilian football Brazilian? Our style of playing football contrasts with the
Europeans because of a combination of qualities of surprise, accuracy and good judgment.
This style has won Brazil five world cups. Yet many Brazilian fans only count four of these
victories. In 1994, the team abandoned this style for modern, scientific training and
tactics. The team won the cup, but in a boring way.
The Italians think differently. "To many Italians, the score 0-0 has a glorious quality,
suggesting perfection," says the British football writer Simon Kuper. In the Italian culture,
the idea of face is very important. This is why Italian teams are traditionally built around
strong defences. The Dutch footballer Johan Cruyff once said that Italian teams never
exactly beat you. It's just that you often lose to them.
In Holland, there is a tradition of decision making through argument and discussion. It
is a society where everybody is expected to have a point of view. “ Every Dutch player wants
to control the game," says Arnold Muhren. "You play football with your brains and not your
"A Dutch player argues," says Simon Kuper. "An English player obeys his superior.
He is a soldier. " The qualities valued in English football are military - strength, aggression
and courage. This can make for exciting football. But it also means that the English find it
difficult to use skillful players. David Beckham is usually criticized for his failure to defend -
despite the fact that he is an attacker. lf the English like to fight, the Germans like to win. In recent years, Germany has
tried to change its image as a country of ruthless efficiency and a desire for victory at all
costs. But Germans are quite happy for these qualities to remain in their national football
team. "Football is a simple game," Gary Lineker once said. "You kick a ball about for
ninety minutes and in the end the Germans win.”
lt's difficult to predict who will win this year's World Cup. There is no strong favorite.
But a look at the track record of previous winners shows that it is the nations with the
strongest national characteristics in the football that perform best. It seems that you need to
know where you come from if you want to get to the top.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Brazilian style of playing football7
A Accuracy. B Surprise.
C Good judgment. D Ruthless efficiency.
Why do many Italians think that the score 0-0 has a glorious quality?
A Because it makes no one lose face.
B Because the Italian team is not very strong.
C Because ltalians are nice people.
D Because that score is what their team could obtain.
What is one expected to do in Holland?
A To play football.
B To express his or her opinion freely.
C To make a fuss about nothing.
D To beat his or her opponents ruthlessly.
Which of the following is NOT true of the British football players?
A They are aggressive.
B They are courageous.
C They play football for friendship.
D They obey their superiors.
Who will win this year's World Cup?
A The Brazilian team. B The Italian team.
C The German Team. D It is unpredictable.
There is a common response to America among foreign writers: the U.S.is a land of
extremes where the best of things are just as easily found as the worst. This is a cliche
In the land of black and white, people should not be too surprised to find some of the
biggest gaps between the rich and the poor in the world. But the American Dream offers a
way out to everyone. _______(46) No class system or government stands in the
Sadly, this old argument is no longer true. Over the past few decades there has been
a fundamental shift in the structure of the American economy. The gap between the rich and the poor has widened and widened._____(47)
Over the past 25 years the median U.S.family income has gone up 18 per cent. For the
top l per cent, however, it has gone up 200 per cent. Twenty-five years ago the top fifth of
Americans had an average income 6.7 times that of the bottom fifth._______(48)
Inequalities have grown worse in different regions. In California, incomes for lower
class families have fallen by 4 per cent since 1969.______(49) This has led to an
economy hugely in favor of a small group of very rich Americans. The wealthiest l per cent
of households now control a third of the national wealth. There are now 37 million
Americans living in poverty. At 12.7 per cent of the population, it is the highest percentage
in the developed world.
Yet the tax burden on America's rich is falling. not growing.______(50)
There was an economic theory holding that the rich spending more would benefit everyone
as a whole. But clearly that theory has not worked in reality.
A Nobody is poor in the U.S.
B The top 0.01 per cent of households has seen its tax bite fall by a full 25 percentage
points since 1980.
C For upper class families they have risen 41 per cent.
D Now it is 9.8 times.
E As it does so, the possibility to cross that gap gets smaller and smaller.
F All one has to do is to work hard and climb the ladder towards the top.
Sending E-mails to Professors
One student skipped class and then sent the professor an e-mail- (51)_____
for copies of her teaching notes.
Another_______(52) that she was late for a Monday class because she was
recovering from drinking too much at a wild weekend party.
At colleges and universities in the U.S., e-mail has made professors more approachable
（平易近人）．But many say it has made them too accessible，______ (53)
boundaries that traditionally kept students at a healthy distance.
These days, professors say, students seem to view them as available
______(54) the clock, sending a steady stream of informal e-mails.
“The tone that they take in e-mails is pretty astounding（令人吃惊的），”said Michael
Kessler. an assistant dean at Georgetown University. “They'II______ (55) you to
help:‘I need to know this.”’
“There's a fine____(56) between meeting their needs and at the same time
maintaining a level of legitimacy（正统性）as an一 (57) who is in charge.”
Christopher Dede, a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, said
_______( 58) show that students no longer defer to （听从） their professors,
perhaps because they realize that professors'_______(59) could rapidly become
“The deference was driven by the_____ (60) that professors were all-knowing
sources of deep knowledge," Dede said, and that notion has_____(61). For junior
faculty members, e-mails bring new tension into their work, some say, as
they struggle with how to _______ (62). Their job prospects, they realize, may rest
in part on student evaluations of their accessibility.
College students say e-mail makes _______(63) easier to ask questions and
helps them learn.
But they seem unaware that what they write in e-mails could have negative effects
_____(64) them, said Alexandra Lahav, an associate professor of Law at the
University of Connecticut.
She recalled an e-mail message from a student saying that he planned to miss class so
he could play with his son. Professor Lahav did not respond.
"Such e-mails can have consequences," she said. " Students don't understand that
______ (65) they say in e-mail can make them seem unprofessional, and could
result in a bad recommendation. "
A providing B offering C supplying D askiring
A complained B argued C explained D believed
A removing B moving C putting D placing
A about B around C at D from
A control B shout C order D make
A requirement B contradiction C tension D balance
A teacher B instructor C lecturer D professor
A e-mails B passages C texts D books
A technology B expertise C science D imagination
A tradition B sense C notion D meaning
A strengthened B weakened C reinforced D consolidated
A ask B question C respond D request
A him B her C you D it
A on B against C in D about
A this B which C that D what