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2017年全国职称英语等级考试综合类(A级)考前强化模拟试卷
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第 1 题:单选题:

The news will horrify everyone.

   A attract      B terrify      C tempt      D excite

第 2 题:单选题:

 The article sketched the major events of the decade.

   A described    B offered      C outlined     D presented

第 3 题:单选题:

 I won't tolerate that kind of behavior.

   A bear        B accept      C admit       D take

第 4 题:单选题:

 Their style of playing football is utterly different.

   A barely      B scarcely     C hardly      D totally

第 5 题:单选题:

Her sister urged her to apply for the job.

   A advised      B caused     C forced      D promised

第 6 题:单选题:

Even sensible men doabsurd things.

   A unusual     B ridiculous    C special      D typical

第 7 题:单选题:

She bumped into her boyfriend in town this morning.

   A walked        B came        C fled          D ran

第 8 题:单选题:

 This sort of thing is bound to happen.

   A sure        B quick       C fast        D swift

第 9 题:单选题:

At the age of 30.  Hersey suddenly became a celebrity.

   A boss       B manager     C star        D dictator

第 10 题:单选题:

He cannot discriminate between a good idea and a bad one.

   A judge       B assess      C distinguish    D recognize

第 11 题:单选题:

 They are concerned for the fate of the forest and the Indians whodwell in it.

   A live        B sleep      C hide       D gather

第 12 题:单选题:

The index is the government's chief gauge of future economic activity.

   A method      B measure     C way       D manner

第 13 题:单选题:

The architecture isharmonious and no building is over six-storey high.

    A old-fashioned   B traditional     C conventional   D balanced

第 14 题:单选题:

 The food is inadequate for ten people.

   A demanded    B qualified     C insufficient    D required

第 15 题:单选题:

Shepersevered in her ideas despite obvious objections raised by friends.

   A persisted     B insisted      C resisted      D suggested

第 16 题:阅读判断:

  Creating a World without Smoking

    Smoking will be banned in all pubs, clubs and workplaces from next year after historic

 votes in the Commons last night.  After last-minute appeals from health campaigners,  MPs

 opted for a blanket prohibition which will start in summer 2007,  ending months of argument

 over whether smokers should be barred in pubs and restaurants only.  They voted to ban

 smoking in all pubs and clubs by 384 t0 184,  a surprisingly large majority of 200.

    Smoking will still be allowed in the home and in places considered to be homes.  such

 as prisons, care homes and hotels.

    Smokers lighting up in banned areas will face a fixed penality notice of ~50 and spot

 fines of ~200 will be introduced for failing to display no-smoking signs. with the possible

 penalty,  if the issue goes to court,  increasing to ~1, 000.

    Carpline Flint, the Public Health Minister, also anncunced that the fine for failing to

 stop people smoking in banned areas would be increased to ~2, 500 - more than ten times

the 200 0riginally proposed.

    The Bill also allows the Government to increase the age for buying cigarettes.  Ministers

will consult on raising it from 16 to 18.

    The Bill now goes to the Lords but will be through by the summer recess.

    Even a plan to allow smoking to continue in private clubs was thrown out as MPs on all

 sides were given permission to vote with their conscience rather than on a party line.

    Patricia Hewitt, tne Health Secretary,  said the Health Bill would ban smoking in

“virtually every enclosed public place and workplace" in England and save thousands of

 lives a year.  Smoke-free workplaces and public places "will become the norm".

    She said:  "An additional 600, 000 people will give up smoking as a result of this law

 and millions more wili be protected from second-hand smoke.”

    Peter Hollins, director-general of the British Heart Foundation. said:  "The vote is a

landmark victory for the public health of this country and will save the lives of many people.”

1小题>

Aban on smoking in all pubs,  clubs and workplaces will begin fn summer 2007.

    A Right    B    Wrong    e  Not mentioned

2小题>

 The iaw doesn't seem to apply to officiais.

    ARight    B  Wrong    e  Not mentioned

3小题>

 0ne can nevertheless smoke at home.

    ARight    B  Wrong    C  Not mentioned

4小题>

There js a possibility for the Government to raise the age for buying cigarectes.

    ARight    B  Wrong    C  Not mentioned

5小题>

The Government will shut down cigarette factories in large numbers.

    ARight    B  Wrong    C  Not mentioned

6小题>

 The Government wiil definitely impose a much heavier tax on tobacco.

    ARight    B  Wrong    C  Not mentioned

7小题>

The Government will take necessary measures to help smokers give up smoking.

    ARight    B  Wrong    C  Not mentioned

第 17 题:概括大意与完成句子:

 Things to Know about the U. K

1    From Buckingham Palace to Oxford,  the U. K. is loaded with wonderful icons  (标志)  of

past eras.  But it has also modernized with confidence.  It's now better known for vibrant

(罗苞满活JJWJ) cities with great nightlife and attraction. Fashions, fine dining, clubbing,

shopping - the U. K. is among the world's best.

2  Most people have strong preconceptions about the British. But if you're one of these

people, you'd be wise to abandon those ideas.  Visit a nightclub in one of the big cities, a

football match. or a good local pub and you might more readily describe the English people

as humorous and hospitable.  It's certainly true that no other country in the world has more

bird-watchers, sports supporters, pet owners and gardeners than the U. K.

3   Getting around England is pretty easy.  Budget (廉价的)  airlines like EasyjET and

Rynnair fly domestically. Trains can deliver you very efficiently from one major city to

another.  Long distance express buses are called coaches.  Whhere coaches and buses run

on the same route, coaches are more expensive (though quicker) than buses.  London's

famous black cabs are excellent but expensive.  Minicabs are cheaper competitors, with

freelance (个体的)  drivers.  But usually you  need to give a call first.  London's

underground is called the Tube.  It's very convenient and can get you to almost any part of

the city.

4   The U. K. is not famous for its food.  But you still need to know some of the traditional

English foods.  The most famous must be fish and chips.  The fish and chips are deep fried

in flour.  English breakfast is something you need to try.  It is fried bacon, sausages, fried

eggs,  black pudding, fried tomatoes, fried bread and baked beans. with toast and a pot of

tea.  Other things like shepherd's pie and Yorkshire pudding are also well-known as a part of

English food culture.

Pubbing and clubbing are the main forms of English nightlife, especially for the young.

Pubbing means going to a pub with friends, having drinks, and chatting. Clubbing is

different from pubbing and includes going to a pub, or a place of music, or a bar, or any

other places to gather with friends.  Clubbing can be found everywhere.  Usually there is

some kind of dress code for clubbing, such as no jeans, no sportswear, or smart

clubwear. while pubbing is much more casual.

A  Education

B People

C Transport

D  Drinks

E Food

F Nightlife

1小题>

Paragraph 2 ____

2小题>

Paragraph 3 ____

3小题>

Paragraph 4 _____

4小题>

Paragraph 5 ____

5小题>

A  faster but more expensive than buses

B  both ancient and modern

C  humorous and hospitable

D  cheap and efficient

E  traditional and famous

F  clever and hardworking

 The U. K. is a country that is _____

6小题>

 The British people are ______

7小题>

Coaches in the U. K. are _____

8小题>

 Fish and chips are ______

第 18 题:阅读理解:

  Trying to Find a Partner

    One of the most striking findings of a recent poll in the U.K.is that of the people

interviewed,  one in two believes that it is becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a

family with.

    Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships'l

Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love'l Or are we making it harder for

ourselves?

    It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from

relationships.  Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status.  A man

doesn't expect his spouse to be in sole charge of running his household and raising his

children.

    But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means

that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.

    In theory,  finding  a  partner should  be  much  simpler these days.  Only  a  few

generations ago, your choice of soulmate(心上人)  was constrained by geography, social

convention and family tradition.  Although it was never explicit,  many marriages were

 essentially arranged.

    Now those barriers have been broken down.  You can approach a builder or a brain

surgeon in any bar in any city on any given evening.When the world is your oyster(牡蛎),  you surely have a better chance of finding a pearl.

    But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint:

the tyranny of choice.

    The expectations of partners are inflated to an unmanageable degree: good looks,

impressive salary,  kind to grandmother,  and right socks.  There is no room for error in the

first impression.

    We think that a relationship can be perfect.  If it isn't, it is disposable.  We work to

protect ourselves against future heartache and don't put in the hard emotional labor needed

to build a strong relationship.  Of course, this is complicated by realities.  The cost of

housing and child-rearing creates pressure tO have a stable income and career before a life

partnership.

1小题>

What does the recent poll show7

    A  It is getting more difficult for a woman to find her husband.

    B  It is getting increasingly difficult to start a family.

    C  It is getting more difficult for a man to find his wife.   

    D   It is getting increasingly difficult to develop an intimate relationship with your spouse.

2小题>

 Which of the following is NOT true about a contemporary married couple?

     A  The wife doesn't have to raise the children all by herself.

     B  The husband doesn't have to support the family all by himself.

      C  The wife is no longer the only person to manage the household.

      D  They will receive a large sum of money from the government.

3小题>

Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one's choice of soulmate in the old days'l

     A  The health condition of his or her grandmother.

      B  The geographical environment.

      C  The social convention.

     D  The family tradition.

4小题>

 Which of the following is NOT expected of a partner according to this passage?

     A  Good looks.                           B  An impressive career.

     C  A high salary.                        D  A fine sense of humor.

5小题>

 The word "sustain"  (paragraph 2) could be best replaced by

       A    " reduce. "                            B    "shake. "

      C   "maintain. "                            D   "weaken. "

 

第 19 题:阅读理解:

     Milosevic's Death

      Former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic was found dead last Saturday in his cell at

the Hague-based International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.  The 64-year-old

had been on trial there since February 2002.

       Born in provincial Pozarevac in 1941 ,  he was the second son of a priest and a school

teacher.  Both of his parents died when he was still a young adult.  The young Milosevic was

"untypical", says Slavoljub Djukic, his unofficial biographer. He was "not interested in

sports, avoided excursions (短途旅行)  and used to come to school dressed in the old-

fashioned way - white shirt and tie. "  One of his old friends said,  he could "imagine him

as a station-master or punctilious  (一丝不苟的)  civil servant. "

      Indeed that is exactly what he might have become,  had he not married Mira.  She was

widely believed to be his driving force.

      At university and beyond he did well.  He worked for various firms and was a communist

party member.  By 1986 he was head of Serbia's Central Committee.  But still he had not

yet really been noticed.

     It was Kosovo that gave him his chance.  An autonomous province of Serbia, Kosovo

was home to an Albanian majority and a Serbian minority.  In 1989, he was sent there to

calm fears of Serbians who felt they were discriminated against.  But instead he played the

nationalist card and became their champion.   In so doing,  he changed into a ruthless  (无情

的) and determined man. At home with Mira he plotted the downfall of his political

enemies.  Conspiring (密谋) with the director of Serbian T. V. ,  he mounted a modern

media campaign which aimed to get him the most power in the country.

   He was elected Serbian president in 1990. In 1997, he became president of

Yugoslavia. The rest of the story is well-known: his nationalist card caused Yugoslavia's

other ethnic groups to fight for their own rights, power and lands.  Yugoslavia broke up

when four of the six republics declared independence in 1991.  War started and lasted for

years  and  millions  died.  Then  Western  countries  intervened.   N. A. T. O. bombedYugoslavia ,

and he eventually stepped down as state leader in 2000.

    Soon after this, Serbia's new government, led by Zoran Djindjic, arrested him and

sent him to face justice at the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in the Hague.

1小题>

Where did Milosevic die?

     A  In a basement.                        B  In a prison.

     C  In Kosovo.                            D  In his own country.

2小题>

 Which of the following is NOT true of the young Milosevic?

     A  He dressed in a pretty old-fashioned way.

      B   He was not interested in sports.

    C  He often avoided excursions.

     D  He was extremely ambitious.

3小题>

All of the following persons changed his fate in one way or another EXCEPT

      A  Mira.                                                B  his parents.

      C  Zoran Djindjic.                             D  the Director of Serbian T. V.

4小题>

Why was Milosevic sent to Kosovo in 1989?

      A  To handle economic issues.

     B  To drive the Albanians back to their own country.

      C  To remove the Serbians' fears of being discriminated against.

      D  To launch an attack against his political enemies.

5小题>

 What happened in 1991?

     A  Yugoslavia broke up.                    B  Western countries intervened.

      C   N. A. T. O.  bombed Yu oslavia.        D   Milosevic was arrested.

第 20 题:阅读理解:

                                             The World Cup

      This summer's World Cup competition will see teams competing to play the world's best

football.  But the football they play will not all be of the same kind. . The fans expect different

styles of play from Brazil, Germany, or ltaly.

     What makes Brazilian football Brazilian? Our style of playing football contrasts with the

Europeans because of a combination of qualities of surprise, accuracy and good judgment.

This style has won Brazil five world cups.  Yet many Brazilian fans only count four of these

victories. In 1994, the team abandoned this style for modern, scientific training and

tactics.  The team won the cup, but in a boring way.

     The Italians think differently.  "To many Italians, the score 0-0 has a glorious quality,

suggesting perfection," says the British football writer Simon Kuper.  In the Italian culture,

the idea of face is very important.  This is why Italian teams are traditionally built around

strong defences. The Dutch footballer Johan Cruyff once said that Italian teams never

exactly beat you.  It's just that you often lose to them.

     In Holland, there is a tradition of decision making through argument and discussion.  It

is a society where everybody is expected to have a point of view. “ Every Dutch player wants

to control the game,"  says Arnold Muhren.   "You play football with your brains and not your

feet. "

     "A Dutch player argues," says Simon Kuper.  "An English player obeys his superior.

He is a soldier. "  The qualities valued in English football are military - strength,  aggression

and courage.  This can make for exciting football.  But it also means that the English find it

difficult to use skillful players.  David Beckham is usually criticized for his failure to defend -

despite the fact that he is an attacker.    lf the English like to fight, the Germans like to win.  In recent years, Germany has

tried to change its image as a country of ruthless efficiency and a desire for victory at all

costs.  But Germans are quite happy for these qualities to remain in their national football

team.  "Football is a simple game," Gary Lineker once said.  "You kick a ball about for

ninety minutes and in the end the Germans win.”

    lt's difficult to predict who will win this year's World Cup.  There is no strong favorite.

But a look at the track record of previous winners shows that it is the nations with the

strongest national characteristics in the football that perform best.  It seems that you need to

 know where you come from if you want to get to the top.

1小题>

 Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Brazilian style of playing football7

    A   Accuracy.                 B  Surprise.

    C   Good judgment.    D  Ruthless efficiency.

2小题>

Why do many Italians think that the score 0-0 has a glorious quality?

    A   Because it makes no one lose face.

    B   Because the Italian team is not very strong.

    C   Because ltalians are nice people.

    D   Because that score is what their team could obtain.

3小题>

What is one expected to do in Holland?

    A   To play football.

    B   To express his or her opinion freely.

    C   To make a fuss about nothing.

    D   To beat his or her opponents ruthlessly.

4小题>

Which of the following is NOT true of the British football players?

    A    They are aggressive.

    B   They are courageous.

    C    They play football for friendship.

    D    They obey their superiors.

5小题>

Who will win this year's World Cup?

    A    The Brazilian team.    B   The Italian team.

    C    The German Team.    D    It is unpredictable.

第 21 题:补全短文:

American Dreams

    There is a common response to America among foreign writers: the U.S.is a land of

extremes where the best of things are just as easily found as the worst.  This is a cliche

(陈词滥调).

    In the land of black and white,  people should not be too surprised to find some of the

biggest gaps between the rich and the poor in the world.  But the American Dream offers a

way out to everyone.  _______(46) No class system or government stands in the

way.

    Sadly,  this old argument is no longer true.  Over the past few decades there has been

a fundamental shift in the structure of the American economy.    The gap between the rich and the poor has widened and widened._____(47)

    Over the past 25 years the median U.S.family income has gone up 18 per cent.  For the

top l per cent, however, it has gone up 200 per cent.  Twenty-five years ago the top fifth of

Americans had an average income 6.7 times that of the bottom fifth._______(48)

    Inequalities have grown worse in different regions.  In California, incomes for lower

class families have fallen by 4 per cent since 1969.______(49)  This has led to an

economy hugely in favor of a small group of very rich Americans.  The wealthiest l per cent

of households now control  a third of the national wealth.  There are now 37 million

Americans living in poverty.  At 12.7 per cent of the population,  it is the highest percentage

in the developed world.

    Yet the tax burden on America's rich is falling.  not growing.______(50)

There was an economic theory holding that the rich spending more would benefit everyone

 as a whole.  But clearly that theory has not worked in reality.

A  Nobody is poor in the U.S.

B  The top 0.01  per cent of households has seen its tax bite fall by a full 25 percentage

    points since 1980.

C  For upper class families they have risen 41 per cent.

D  Now it is 9.8 times.

E  As it does so, the possibility to cross that gap gets smaller and smaller.

F  All one has to do is to work hard and climb the ladder towards the top.

1小题>
2小题>
3小题>
4小题>
5小题>
第 22 题:完形填空:

Sending E-mails to Professors

    One student skipped class and then sent the professor an e-mail- (51)_____

for copies of her teaching notes.

    Another_______(52) that she was late for a Monday class because she was

 recovering from drinking too much at a wild weekend party.

    At colleges and universities in the U.S.,  e-mail has made professors more approachable

(平易近人).But many say it has made them too accessible,______ (53)

boundaries that traditionally kept students at a healthy distance.

    These days, professors say, students seem to view them as available

______(54)  the clock, sending a steady stream of informal e-mails.

    “The tone that they take in e-mails is pretty astounding(令人吃惊的),”said Michael

 Kessler. an assistant dean at Georgetown University.  “They'II______ (55) you to

 help:‘I need to know this.”’

    “There's a fine____(56)  between meeting their needs and at the same time

 maintaining a level of legitimacy(正统性)as an一    (57)  who is in charge.”

    Christopher Dede,  a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, said

    _______( 58)  show that students no longer defer to  (听从)  their professors,

perhaps because they realize that professors'_______(59) could rapidly become

 outdated.

    “The deference was driven by the_____ (60) that professors were all-knowing

 sources of deep knowledge," Dede said, and that notion has_____(61).     For junior

faculty members,  e-mails bring new tension into their work,  some say,  as

they struggle with how to _______ (62).  Their job prospects, they realize,  may rest

in part on student evaluations of their accessibility.

    College students say e-mail makes _______(63) easier to ask questions and

helps them learn.

    But they seem unaware that what they write in e-mails could have negative effects

 _____(64) them, said Alexandra Lahav, an associate professor of Law at the

University  of Connecticut.

      She recalled an e-mail message from a student saying that he planned to miss class so

he could play with his son.  Professor Lahav did not respond.

       "Such e-mails can have consequences,"  she said.    " Students don't understand that

          ______ (65) they say in e-mail can make them seem unprofessional, and could

result in a bad recommendation. "

1小题>

A providing       B offering       C supplying     D askiring

2小题>

A complained      B argued        C explained     D believed

3小题>

A removing        B moving       C putting       D placing

4小题>

A about           B around        C at            D from

5小题>

A  control        B  shout        C order         D  make

6小题>

A requirement      B contradiction   C tension       D balance

7小题>

A teacher         B instructor      C lecturer       D professor

8小题>

 A e-mails         B passages       C texts         D books

9小题>

 A technology      B expertise       C science       D imagination

10小题>

A tradition        B sense          C notion        D meaning

11小题>

 A strengthened     B weakened      C reinforced     D consolidated

12小题>

 A ask            B question        C respond      D request  

13小题>

A him             B her           C you          D it

14小题>

A on              B against        C in           D about

15小题>

A this             B which         C that         D what 

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