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2017年全国职称英语等级考试综合类(B级)考前强化模拟试卷
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第 1 题:单选题:

I have been trying toquit smoking.

    A  give up        B  pick up        C  build up         D  take up

第 2 题:单选题:

Relief 'Norkers were shocked by what they saw.

  A moved     B touched    C surprised    D worried

第 3 题:单选题:

The weather is .a constant subject of conversation in Britain.

  A question    B problem    C title      D topic

第 4 题:单选题:

 This is nottypical of English, but is a feature of the Chinese language.

  A particular    B characteristic  C remarkable   D idiomatic

第 5 题:单选题:

 It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.

  A simply     B almost    C totally     D completely

第 6 题:单选题:

These are defensive behavior patterns which derive from our fears.

  A stem     B rely      C develop    D grow

第 7 题:单选题:

0nly a small minority of the mentally ill are liable to harm themselves or others.

  A easy      B possible    C likely      D difficult

第 8 题:单选题:

They have the capability to destroy the enemy in a few days.

  A possibility   B necessity   C ability     D probability

第 9 题:单选题:

We have never seen such gorgeous hills.

  A beautif:JI    B stretching   C spreading   D rolling

第 10 题:单选题:

 The leaves have been swept into huge heaps.

  A loads     B layers     C pyramids    D piles

第 11 题:单选题:

 

The news will horrify everyone.

  A attract     B terrify     C tempt      D excite

第 12 题:单选题:

The article sketched the major events of the decade.

  A described   B offered    C outlined    D presented

第 13 题:单选题:

I won't tolerate that kind of behavior.

  A bear       B receive     C admit      D take

第 14 题:单选题:

 Their style of playing football is utterly different.

  A barely     B scarcely    C hardly     D totally

第 15 题:单选题:

Her sister urged her to apply for the job.

  A advised     B caused     C forced      D promised

第 16 题:阅读判断:

     Scotland: A Land of Wisdom

       In the 1740s,  the famous French philosopher Voltaire said "We look to Scotland for all

 our ideas of civilization. " That's not a bad advertisement for any country when it comes to

 attracting people to search for a first-class education.

       According to the American author Arthur Herman, the Scots invented the modern world

itself. He argues that Scottish thinkers and intellectuals worked out many of the most

 important ideas on which modern life depends - everything from the scientific method to

 market economics.  Their ideas did not just spread among intellectuals,  but to those people

 in business, government and the sciences who actually shaped the Western world.

       It all started during the period that historians call the Scottish Enlightenment (启蒙运

动) ,  which is usually seen as taking place between the years 1740 and 1800.  Before that,

philosophy was mainly concerned with religion. For the thinkers of the Scottish

 Enlightenment, the proper study of humanity was mankind itself.

      Their reasoning was practical.  For the philosopher David Hume, humanity was the right

 subject for philosophy because we can examine human behavior and so find real evidence of

 how people think and feel.  And from that we can make judgments about the societies we live

 in and make concrete suggestions about how they can be improved. for universal benefit.

    Hume's enquiry into the nature of knowledge laid the foundations for the scientific

method - the pursuit of truth through experiment. His friend and fellow resident of

Edinburgh, Adam Smith, famously applied the study of mankind to the ways in which

mankind does business. Trade, he argued, was a form of information. In pursuing our

own interests through trading in markets, we all come to benefit each other.

      Smith's idea has dominated modern views of economics.  It also has wide applications.

 He was one of the philosophers to point out that nations can become rich, free and powerful

through peace, trade and invention.

       Although the Scottish Enlightenment ended a long time ago,  the ideas which evolved at

that time still underpin (构成......的基础) our theories of human exchange and enquiry.  It

also exists in Scotland itself in an educational tradition that combines academic excellence

 with  orientation  (方向) .

1小题>

Scotlandis the right plaee to receive a first-class education.

    A  Right    B  Wrong              C  Not mentioned

2小题>

Accoroing to Arthur Herman, the Scots developed many important ideas which modern life depends on.

     A  Right              B  Wrong              C  Not mentioned

3小题>

 Philosophers had come to know the importance of studying humanity even before theScottish Enlightenment took place.

    A  Right    B Wrong              C  Not mentioned

4小题>

David Hume Was the first philosopher to study mankind.

    A  Right               B  Wrong              C  Not mentioned

5小题>

Smith's idea has extensive applications.

    A  Right               B  Wrong               C  Not mentioned

6小题>

0ur current theories of human exchange and enquiry have nothing to do with the ideas

     developed during the Scottish Enlightenment.

     A  Right               B  Wrong               C  Not mentioned

7小题>

Smith died in 1800.   

A Right    B  Wrong    C  Not mentioned

第 17 题:概括大意与完成句子:

 Things to.Know about the U.K.

1  From Buckingham Palace to Oxford, the U.K.is loaded with wonderful icons(标志)of

past eras.  But it has also modernized with confidence.  lt's now better known for vibrant(充

满活力的)  cities with great nightlife and attraction.  Fashions. fine dining,  clubbing,

shopping - the U.K.is among the world's best.   

   Most people have strong preconceptions about the British.  But if you're one of these

people, you'd be wise to abandon those ideas.  Visit a nightclub in one of the big cities, a

football match, or a good local pub and you might more readily describe the English people

as humorous and hospitable.  lt's certainly true that no other country in the world has more

bird-watchers, sports supporters, pet owners and gardeners than the U.K.

Getting around England is pretty easy.  Budget(廉价的)airlines like EasyjET and

 Rynnair fly domestically.  Trains can deliver you very efficiently from one major city to

another.  Long distance express buses are called coaches.  Where coaches and buses run

 on the same route, coaches are more expensive (though quicker) than buses.  London's

famous black cabs are excellent but expensive.  Minicabs are cheaper competitors, with

freelance(个体的)drivers.  But usually you need to give a call first.  London's underground

is called the Tube.  lt's very convenient and can get you to almost any part of the city.

4  The U.K.is not famous for its food.  But you still need to know some of the traditional

 English foods.  The most famous must be fish and chips. The fish and chips are deep fried

in flour.  English breakfast is something you need to try.  It is fried bacon, sausages, fried

 eggs,  black pudding, fried tomatoes, fried bread and baked beans, with toast and a pot of

tea.  Other things like shepherd's pie and Yorkshire pudding are also well-known as a part of

 English food culture.

Pubbing and clubbing are the main forms of English nightlife, especially for the young.

Pubbing means going to a pub with friends,  having drinks, and chatting.  Clubbing is

 different from pubbing and includes going to a pub, or a place of music, or a bar, or any

 other places to gather with friends.  Clubbing can be found everywhere.  Usually there iS

 some kind  of  dress code for clubbing,  such as no jeans,  no  sportswear,  or smart

 clubwear, while pUbbing is much more casual.

 A  Education

B People

C Transport

D  Drinks

E Food

F Nightlife

1小题>

Paragraph 2_____

2小题>

Paragraph 3 ______

3小题>

 Paragraph 4 ______

4小题>

Paragraph 5 _____

5小题>

A  faster but more expensive than buses

B  both ancient and modern

C  humorous and hospitable

D  cheap and efficient

E  traditional and famous

F  clever and hardworking

The U. K. is a country that is___________

6小题>

The British people are___________

7小题>

Coaches in the U.K. are ______

8小题>

Fish and chips are ______

第 18 题:阅读理解:

    A Debate on the English Language

        A measure declaring English the nationai language is under intense debate in the United

States.  The U. S. Senate passed two declarations last week.   One calls English the nation's

official language and the other says it is the "common and unifying (统一一的) " tongue.  But

Americans found themselves divided on the issue.

    Since people worldwide know that most Americans speak only English. many can't

understand why the issue is so controversial (有争议的).

     "The discussion is related to fears of immigration issues," says Dick Tucker, a social

scientist at Pittsburgh's Carnegie Mellon University. "It's related to a worry about the

changing demography (人口统计) of the U. S. It's a worry about who wiil continue to have

political and economic influence. "

      In fact,  the notion of protecting the language has been kicked around almost since the

nation's founding. John Adams lobbied (游说) in 1780 for the creation of a national

academy to correct and improve the English language. But his proposal died. since

lawmakers saw it as a royalist (保皇主义者)  attempt to define personal behavior.

       Sirice then,  the country hasn't had a national language,  but the idea of recognizing the

special status of English lived on.

    The emotions surrounding language resurface (再次浮现) not because people feel

comfortable with English.  It is more about the discomfort many Americans feel with the new

languages, says WaIt Wolfram, a professor at North Carolina State University.

       " Language is never about language,"  he says.

     According to the 2000 U. S. Census Bureau report, of 209 million Americans over 18

years old, 172 million speak only English at home.  About 37 million speak languages other

than English.  Among them, 6. 5 million speak poor English a and 3. 1  million don't  speaK

English at all.

1小题>

  What are the two declarations concerned with?

       A   The status of the English languages.

     B  The protection of new languages.

     C  The rights to speak one's mother tongue.

      D  The improvement of the English language.

2小题>

 Who suggested in the 18th century that English should be protected?

     A  WaIt Wolfram.                    B  John Adams.

     C  Royalists.                        D  Dick Tucker.

3小题>

Which of the following is the current debate NOT related to?

     A  The immigration issues.

     B  The changing demography.

      C  The worry about the new languages.

      D  The U. S. 's military strength.

4小题>

 Which statement is true according to the 2000 U. S. Census Bureau report?

      A  172 million Americans speak only English in their work places.

      B  37 million Americans speak English.

      C  209 million Americans are above the age of 18.

      D  6. 5 million Americans speak good English.

5小题>

 The phrase "kicked around" ( paragraph 4) could be best repiaced by

      A   "invented. "                          B   "formed. "

      C   "shaped. "                           D   "discussed. "

 

第 19 题:阅读理解:

   Kobe Bryant

      After 10 seasons wearing the No. 8 0n his back.  Kobe Bryant will become No.24 next

season.  The reason for the surprising decision by the Los Angeles Lakers super guard laSt

week has become a hot topic for debate.

      Bryant wore No. 24 when he was in early high school,  but he changed to No. 33 in his

senior year.  He switched to No. 8 when he was selected by the Lakers in 1996,  and has

not been changed since.

       Bry.ant has refused to explain the decision until the end of the play-offs (季后赛).   So

guessing Bryant's motive has become a popular game among NBA fans and newspaper

columnists (专栏作家) .                                  ,

    There are all kinds of speculations.  Many say that Bryant wants to leave the past

behind and have a fresh start.  He has often been criticized for playing to benefit himseif and

not the team as a whole.  Others say that he may be trying to compare himself to Michael

Jordan.  Jordan was famous for his No. 23 jersey (运动衫).   Some,  such as N. B. C. Sport

columnist Michael Ventre,  argue that it is "ali about money".  Bryant will make more money

by selling new jerseys to his fans.

     Some speculations are more about fun.  For example, there is an opinion that Kobe is

actually just a diehard (非常执著的) fan of the popular T. V. drama "24".

      All this talk has turned the number change into a major issue.  It seems that there is a

lot of fuss (大惊小怪)  over something that should be pretty simple.

   Jersey numbers have their own special significance in American sports. especially

basketball.  Players choose their number when they join a team and they usually stick with

that number for the rest of their career.  When a great player retires,  his team will honor him

by retiring his number.

    To some extent. the jersey is the player, and the player is the ,jersey.  Thus, when

you see the famous No.23 for the Chicago Bulls, you immediately think about Michael

Jordan. A No.32 Miami Heats jersey recalls the image of Shaquille O'Neal.  and the

Houston Rockets' No. 11 belongs only to Yao Ming.

      Lots of stories are behind players' jersey number selections.  Jordan said that he chose

No. 23 because it was roughly half of 45.  Jordan's elder brother wore the No. 45 in college.

Yao Ming once revealed that the No. 11  stands for two people in love - meaning him and

his girlfriend Ye Li.

1小题>

  Which team has Bryant played for?

     A  The Los Angeles Lakers.               B  The Houston Rockets.

     C  The Chicago Bulls.                    D  The Miami Heats.

2小题>

 How long has Bryant been wearing No. 8?

      A  Since he started to play basketball.

  '   B  For ten seasons.

     C  Since he entered high school.

     D  Since he left the Lakers.

3小题>

Which of the following is NOT a speculation about Bryant's motive to change his number, according to this passage?

      A   He wants to leave his past behind and have a fresh start.

      B  He wants to compare himself to Jordan.

     C  He wants to earn more money.

      D  He wants to show that he is a man of great importance.

4小题>

 Why did Jordan choose No. 23?

      A  Because that number wouid make him famous.

      B  Because that number would make his fans miss him.

      C  Because that number was related to the number his brother once wore.

      D  Because that number was easy to remember.

5小题>

What does the number Yao Ming chose stand for?

      A  Two long legs.                             B  Two strong arms.

      C  Two people in love.                      D  Two big countries.

第 20 题:阅读理解:

Trying to Find a Partner

                                                                                                                                                                                                    ~

       One of the most striking findings of a recent poll in the U. K. is that of the people

interviewed,  one in two believes that it is becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a

family with.

      Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships?

Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love?Or are we making it harder for

 ou rselves?

      It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from

relationships.  Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status.  A man

doesn't expect his spouse to be in sole charge of running his household and raising his

children.

      But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means

that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.

      In theory, finding a partner should be much simpler these days.  Only a few generations

ago, your choice of souimate (心上人) was constrained ( 限制) by geography, social

convention and family tradition. Although it was never explicit. many marriages were

essentially arranged.

      Now those barriers have been broken down.  You can approach a builder or a brain

surgeon in any bar in any city on any given evening.  When the world is your oyster (牡蛎) ,

you sureiy have a better chance of finding a pearl.

      But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint:

the tyranny of choice.

      The expectations of partners are inflated ( 提高) to an unmanageable degree: goodlooks,

 impressive salary,  kind to grandmother, and right socks.  There is no room for error

in the first impression.

 

protect ourselves against future heartache and don't put in the hard emotional labor needed

to build a strong relationship. Of course, this is complicated by realities. The cost of

housing and child-rearing creates pressure to have a stabie income and career before a life

partnership.

1小题>

What does the recent poll show?

      A   It is getting more difficult for a woman to find her husband.

     B  It is getting increasingly difficult to start a family.

     C  It is getting more difficult for a man to find his wife.

     D  It is getting increasingly difficult to develop an intimate relationship with your spouse.

2小题>

 Which of the following is NOT true about a contemporary married couple'?

     A  The wife doesn't have to raise the children all by herself.

     B  The husband doesn't have to support the family all by himself.

      C  The wife is no longer the only person to manage the household.

      D  They will receive a large sum of money from the government.

3小题>

Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one's choice of soulmate in the old days ?

     A  The health condition of his or her grandmother.

     B  The geographical environment.

      C  The social convention.

     D  The family tradition.

4小题>

 Which of the following is NOT expected of a partner according to this passage?

      A  Good looks.                             B   An impressive career.

     C  A high salary.                       D  A fine sense of humor.

5小题>

The word "sustain " ( paragraph 2) could be best replaced by

       A   " reduce. "                                     B   "shake. "

      C   "maintain. "                             D   "weaken. "

第 21 题:补全短文:

 A Heroic Woman

      The whole of the United States cheered its latest hero,  Ashley Smith,  with the Federal

Bureau of Investigation saying it was planning to give a big reward to her for having a brave

heart and wise mind.

        ______(46)She was moving into her apartment in Atlanta, Georgia early on

the morning of March 12, when a man followed her tc her door a'nd put a gun to her side.

      "I started walking to my door, and I felt really,  really afraid," she said in a T. V.

interview last week.  The man was Brian Nichols, 33.  He was suspected of killing three

people at an Atlanta courthouse ( 法院)  on March 11  and later of killing a federal agent.

       ______(47).

       Nichols tied Smith up with tape, but released her after she repeatedly begged him not to take her life.  "I told him if he hurt me,  my little girl wouldn't have a mummy," she said.

 In order to calm the man down, she read to him from "The Purpose-Driven Life", a best-

selling religious book. He asked her to repeat a paragraph "about what you thought your

 purpose in life was - what talents were you given. " ______(48)

     "I basically just talked to him and tried to gain his trust," Smith said.

      Smith said she asked Nichols why he chose her.  "He said he thought I was an angel

sent from God, and we were Christian sister and brother," she said. "And that he was

lost3 and that God led him to me to tell him that he had hurt a lot of people."

        ______ (49) She said Nichols was surprised when she made him breakfast and

that the two of them watched television coverage (报道) of the police hunt for him.   "I

cannot beiieve that's me." Nichois told the woman. Then, Nichols asked Smith what she

thought he should do.  She said,   "I think you should turn yourself in.  If you don't, lots

more people are going to get hurt. "

       Eventually, he let her go.  ______(50) A U. S.  $60,000 reward had been

posted for Nichols' capture.  Authorities said they did not yet know if Smith would be eligible

 (有资格的) for that money.

A  The local police were searching for him.

B  Smith is a 26-year-old single mother with a daughter.

C  Smith tried very hard to kill Nichols.

D   She even cooked breakfast for the man before he allowed her to leave.

E  And the two of them discussed this topic.

F  Then she called the police.

1小题>
2小题>
3小题>
4小题>
5小题>
第 22 题:完形填空:

Hitchhiking (搭车旅游)

    When I was in my teens (十几岁) and 20s, hitchhiking was a main form of long-

distance transport.  The kindness or curiosity of strangers ________(51 )  me all over

Europe,  North America,  Asia and southern Africa.  Some of the lift-givers became friends,

many provided hospitality _____(52) the road.

      Not only did you find out much more about a country than ______(53) traveling

       

by train or plane, but also there was that element of excitement about where you would

finish up that night. Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture. It has books and

songs about it.  So what has happened to______ (54)?

    A few years ago, I asked the same question about hitchhiking in a column on a

newspaper.  ________(55) of people from all over the world responded with their view

on the state of hitchhiking.

     "If there is a hitchhiker's _______ (56) it must be Iran," came one reply.  Rural

lreland was recommended as a friendly place for hitchhiking, _____ (57) was

        

Quebec,  Canada - "if you don't mind being berated (严肃指责) for not speaking French. "

     But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in many parts of the world, the

______ (58) feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed (消亡).

    With so much news about crime in the media, people assumed that anyone on the

open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we            

____ (59) to be so wary both to hitchhike and to give a lift'l

     In Poland in the 1960s, _____(60) a Polish woman who e-mailed me,  "the

authorities introduced the Hitchhiker's Booklet.  The booklet contained coupons for drivers,

so each time a driver ______(61) somebody, he or she received a coupon.  At the

end of the season, ______ (62) who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded

with various prizes.  Ever body was hitchhiking then. "

     Surely this is a good idea for society.  Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking

down _____ (63) between strangers. It would help fight _____ (64)

warming byu Cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels.  It

would also improve educational standards by delivering instant     _______( 65)  in

geography, history, politics and sociology.

1小题>

A made          B took          C traveled        D crossed

2小题>

 A above         B over          C at             D on

3小题>

A when          B after          C before         D until

4小题>

 A  the books         B  them            C  it                 D  the songs

5小题>

A Hundreds       B Hundred       C Thousand       D Dozen

6小题>

A sky         B space       C map        D heaven

7小题>

 A like           B as          C for           D since

8小题>

A big         B large       C general       D little

9小题>

 A  have to           B  must             C  should            D  need

10小题>

 A  according to       B  owing to         C  due to             D  with respect to

11小题>

 A  sent              B  picked up       C  selected          D  brought

12小题>

A passengers    B hikers       C drivers       D strangers

13小题>

A fences       B barriers      C gaps        D stones         ,

14小题>

A global        B total        C entire        D whole

15小题>

A discussions     B debates       C consultations    D lessons  

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