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2017年全国职称英语等级考试综合类(C级)考前强化模拟试卷
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第 1 题:单选题:

At midnight, we werearoused by a knock at the door.

  A irritate     B awakened     C arisen     D annoyed

第 2 题:单选题:

 She was awarded a prize for the film.

   A given      B rewarded      C sent       D reminded

第 3 题:单选题:

Smoking will be banned in all public places here.

  A forbidden   B allowed      C permitted   D promoted

第 4 题:单选题:

That guy is intelligent but a bit dull.

  A strange    B special       C quiet     D boring

第 5 题:单选题:

 She is a highly successful teacher.

  A fairly     B rather       C very      D moderately

第 6 题:单选题:

We should not sacrifice environmental protections to foster economic growth.

  A reduce    B promote      C realize     D give

第 7 题:单选题:

There is a growinggap between the rich and the poor.

  A conflict     B tension       C gulf      D confrontation

第 8 题:单选题:

I am very grateful to you for your assistance.

  A helpful     B hopeful       C pitiful      D thankful

第 9 题:单选题:

You will be meeting her presently.

  A shortly     B currently      C lately     D probably

第 10 题:单选题:

Attitudes to mental illness have shifted in recent years.

  A displayed   B shown       C changed    D demonstrated

第 11 题:单选题:

 I have been trying to quit smoking.

    A  give up       B  pick up           C  build up      D  take up

第 12 题:单选题:

Relief workers were shocked by what they saw.

  A moved    B touched      C surprised   D worried

第 13 题:单选题:

The weather is a constant subject of conversation in Britain.

  A question    B problem      C title      D topic

第 14 题:单选题:

This is not typical of English, but is a feature of the Chinese language.

   A particular   B characteristic    C remarkable  D idiomatic

第 15 题:单选题:

 It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.

  A simply    B almost       C totally     D completely

 

第 16 题:阅读判断:

Scotland: A Land of Wisdom

                                                                                                   

       In the 1740s,  the famous French philosopher Voltaire said "We look to Scotland for all

our ideas of civilization. " That's not a bad advertisement for any country when it comes to

attracting people to search for a first-class education.

      According to the American author Arthur Herman, the Scots invented the modem world

itself. He argues that Scottish thinkers and intellectuals worked out many of the most

important ideas on which modern life depends - everything from the scientific method to

market economics.  Their ideas did not just spread among intellectuals,  but to those people

in business, government and the sciences who actually shaped the Western world.

       It all started during the period that historians call the Scottish Enlightenment  ( 启蒙运动) ,

which is usually seen as taking place between the years 1740 and 1800.  Before that,

philosophy was mainly concerned with religion. For the thinkers of the Scottish

Enlightenment, the proper study of humanity was mankind itself.  

     Their reasoning was practical.  For the philosopher David Hume, humanity was the right

subject for philosophy because we can examine human behavior and so find real evidence of

how people think and feel.  And from that we can make judgments about the societies we live

in and make concrete suggestions about how they can be improved for universal benefit.

                                                                      

     Hume's enquiry into the nature of knowledge laid the foundations for the scientific

method - the pursuit of truth through experiment. His friend and fellow resident of

Edinburgh, Adam Smith, famously applied the study of mankind to the ways in which

mankind does business. Trade, he argued, was a form of information. In pursuing our

own interests through trading in markets, we all come to benefit each other.

      Smith's idea has dorminated modern views of economics.  It also has wide applications.

He was one of the philosophers to point out that nations can become rich, free and powerful

through peace, trade and invention.

      Although the Scottish Enlightenment ended a long time ago,  the ideas which evolved at

that time stili underpin(构成...的基础)  our theories of human, exchange and enquiry.  It

also exists in Scotland itself in an educational tradition that combines academic excellence

with orientation ( 方向) .

1小题>

Scotlandis the right place to receive a first-class education.

    A  Right            B  wrong            C  Not mentioned

2小题>

According to Arthur Herman, the Scots developed many important ideas which modernlife depends on.

    A  Right            B  Wrong            C  Not mentioned

3小题>

 Philosophers had come to know the importance of studying humanity even before the

     Scottish Enlightenment took place.

    A  Right             B  Wrong            C  Not mentioned

4小题>

 David Hume was the first philosopher to study mankind.

    A  Right            B  Wrong            C  Not mentioned

5小题>

Smith's idea has extenslve applications.

    A  Right            B Wrong            C  Not mentioned

6小题>

 Our current theories of human exchange and enquiry have nothing to do with the ideas developed during the Scottish Enlightenment.

    A  Right            B  Wrong            C  Not mentioned

7小题>

 Smith died in 1800.   

A Right    B  Wrong    C  Not mentioned

第 17 题:概括大意与完成句子:

  Ceasing to Wear Ties

1  lt's useless.  lt's dirty.  It spreads disease.  That's why the British Medical Association in

the U.K.recently called for hospital doctors to stop wearing ties.

2 That leads to another question.  Why does anyone wear a tie? Ties serve no purpose.  They

 do not cover any part of your body and keep you warm. They always seem to get covered in

food stains.  Perhaps that is the purpose of the tie.  It lets everyone know what you just ate.

Ties have an odd history.  Soldiers from Croatia, in Eastern Europe, served as merce-

naries(雇佣军)in various conflicts in the 17th century.  They were identified by brightly

 colored pieces of silk worn around the neck.  Known as cravats(围巾),  these became a

 popular fashion item in France and eventually evolved into the tie.

4  It's an interesting story,  but it doesn't tell us why men want to put useless pieces of cloth

 or silk around their necks.  The answer seems to be about identification(身份证明).  In the

19th-century Britain, ties were used by universities, military regiments(团),sports clubs,

schools and gentleman's clubs.  Each tie was in a particular set of colors which identified the

 wearer as a member of that organization.  Wearing ties was also the mark of Britain's most

 powerful classes.  That made the tie itself a symbol of power and respect.  And that led it to

 be adopted by a much larger class - the business class.

You cannot wear a tie if you work with machinery.  So wearing a tie became a sign that

 you were a man who used his brain to make a living,  rather than his hands.  It showed you

 were serious.  It showed you were a professional.  It meant that everyone who wanted a job

in businoss had to wear one.  It was just impossible to take seriously a man who did not

wear a piece of colored silk around his neck.  This is how millions of people came to wear

ties across the world.

6  Is there a future for ties? The signs are not promising.  Many political leaders,  including

 British Prime Minister Tony Blair, now go without ties.

     A   Origin of the tie

     B    Uselessness of the tie   

     C    USeIeSSneSS Of the tie

     D     Old-fashioned ties

     E   Role of the tie

     F  Signs of a tieless era

1小题>

 Paragraph 2 ______   

2小题>

 Paragraph3_______   

3小题>

 Paragraph 4______

4小题>

 Paragraph 6_______    

5小题>

 

A  they were workmen

B  they were members of different organizations

C  hospital doctors stop wearing ties

D  who does not always wear a tie

E  who served as mercenaries in many conflicts in the 17th century

F  who does not want to live like a king

The British Medical Association suggested that_______ 

6小题>

 Ties were first worn by the Croatian soldiers______.

7小题>

People wore different ties in Britain in the 19th century to show that____

8小题>

 British Prime Minister Tony Blair is a man______ 

第 18 题:阅读理解:

His Own Way to Express Love

    Yesterday was our three-year anniversary.  We didn't do anything romantic; we just

walked hand in hand and talked about our past and the future.  This was pretty much what I

had expected.

    Andy is an unromantic guy: no sweet words or roses.  Smart as he is,  he is a little bit

shy expressing his love.  In contrast,I am an outspoken(直言不讳)girl who likes to show

her feelings directly.  So needless to say,  I often feel that he is insensitive.  1 envy other

girls who are surrounded by sweet words.

    I was in this sullen mood until I heard a beautiful sentence one day:  "If one does not

love you the way you like,  it does not mean that he does not love you.”This simple but

sensible sentence made me think about our happy days and recall his deep concern for me.

    One cold winter night,  l got a high fever.  He hurried to my dormitory and took me to

the hospital.  He was in such a hurry that he even forgot to wear socks.  After arrival, he

ran through the hospital handling all the formalities(手续).When l was put on a drip(点

滴),  he told me interesting stories to make me happy.  Being held in his warm arms and

listening to his tender  (温柔的)  voice,  l  had never felt so safe and comfortable.

Gradually,I feil asleep.  When l woke up 15 minutes later, he was still mumbling(咕哝地

说.) to me.  He explained that if he had stopped talking l would have woken up.  At that

moment,  1 found love in his eyes.

    Another time,I had a bad quarrel with my best friend.  Although I knew it was my fault,

I refused to admit-t_  I was very angry when he insisted l apologize to her.  He said that it

was difficult to admit a mistake, but this was what everyone should do.  The next morning.

I apologized to my friend and asked for her forgiveness.

    My unromantic boyfriend cares about my health like my father,  understands me like mv

 mother and helps me like my elder brother.

1小题>

      Who is Andy'l

    A  The writer's father.           B  The writer's uncle.

    C  The writer's elder brother.     D  The writer's boyfriend.

2小题>

 When did the writer and Andy fall in love?

    A  Three years ago.            B  Two days ago.

    C  On a cold winter night.       D  After a quarrel.

3小题>

Which statement is true of the writer?

    A  She likes running after romantic guys.

    B  She does not like sweet words.

    C  she Iikes expressing her feelings directly      D   She does not like roses.

4小题>

The writer tells the reader two stories to show that

      A  Andy is a romantic guy.

      B  Andy has his own way to express love.

      C  Andy is an insensitive guy.

      D  Andy is a foolish guy.

5小题>

 The word "sullen"  (paragraph 3) could be best replaced by

      A   "cheerful. "                             B   "calm. "

      C   "good. "                                 D   "bad. "

第 19 题:阅读理解:

   Good Table Manners

    Manners play an important part in making a favorable impression at the dinner table,

Here are some general rules:

   Napkin(餐巾) use

      The meal begins when the host unfolds his or her napkin.  This is your signal to do the

same,  so place your napkin on your lap.  Unfold it completely if it is a small napkin,  or in

half,  lengthwise  (纵向地) ,  if it is a large dinner napkin.

     If you need to leave the table during the meal, place your napkin on your chair as a

signal to your server that you will be returning.  Once the meal is over,  place your napkin

neatly on the table to the right of your dinner plate.  Do not refold it.

     Use a napkin only for your mouth.  Never use it for your nose, face or forehead.

     Use of utensils(餐具)

    Start with the knife, fork or spoon furthest from your plate, and work your way in,

using one utensil for each course.

     If soup is served, remember to spoon away from yourself.  This helps stop the drips.

Do not put the entire soup spoon in your mouth.  Instead, fill a soup spoon about 75 per

cent with soup,  and sip (啜饮)  it from the side noiselessly.

     After finishing dinner. place the knife and fork parallel to one another across the plate

with the knife blade facing inward toward the plate.

     Using your fingers

     Hereis a list of finger foods: sandwiches, cookies, small fruits or berries with stems,

French fries and potato chips, and hamburgers.

    Chew (咀嚼) with your mouth closed and don't make noise; don't talk with your mouth

full.

     Bread must be broken with your hands.  It is never cut with a knife.

     Don't pick something out of your teeth.  Instead, excuse yourself to the bathroom.

     If possible, try not to cough at the table.

    Do not put your elbows (肘) on the table.  In France, it is essential to have both

hands above the table at the same time.

     Do not put bones or anything else on the table.  Things that are not eaten should be put

on your plate.

1小题>

 Where is the napkin normally placed during the meal?

     A  On your chair.                       B  On the table.

      C   On your lap.                       D   On your plate.

2小题>

 The napkin is used only for

     A  your forehead.                        B  your mouth.     C  your nose.                            D  your face

3小题>

Which utensil is used first?

     A  The knife.                          B  The fork.

     C  The spoon.                          D  The one farthest from the plate.

4小题>

All of the following are finger foods EXCEPT

   A soup.                   B sandwiches.

  C cookies.                D hamburgers.

5小题>

 Which of the following shows good table manners?

    A  Talking with your mouth full.

     B  Putting bones on your plate.

     C  Putting your elbows on the table.

     D  Chewing with your month open.

第 20 题:阅读理解:

        A Debate on the English Language

        A measure declaring English the national language is under intense debate in the United

States.  The U. S. Senate passed two declarations last week.  One calls English the nation's

official language and the other says it is the "common and unifying  (统—的) " tongue.  But

Americans found themselves divided on the issue.

    Since people worldwide know that most Americans speak only English, many can't

understand why the issue is so controversial  (有争议的).

     "The discussion is related to fears of immigration issues," says Dick Tucker, a social

scientist at Pittsburgh's Carnegie Mellon University. "It's related to a worry about the

changing demography (人口统计)  of the U. S. It's a worry about who will continue to have

political and economic influence. "

      In fact,  the notion of protecting the language has been kicked around almost since the

nation's founding.  John Adams lobbied  (游说)  in 1780 for the creation of a national

academy to correct and improve the English language. But his proposal died, since

lawmakers saw it as a royalist (保皇主义者)  attempt to define personal behavior.

         Since then,  the country hasn't had a national language,  but the idea of recognizing the

special status of English lived on.

      The emotions surrounding language resurface  (再次浮现)  not because people feel

comfortable with English.  It is more about the discomfort many Americans feel with the new

languages, says WaIt Wolfram, a professor at North Carolina State University.

        " Language is never about language,"  he says.

     According to the 2000 U. S. Census Bureau report, of 209 million Americans over 18

years old, 172 million speak only English at home.  About 37 million speak languages other

than English.  Among them,  6. 5 million speak poor English and 3.1  million don't speak

English at all.

1小题>

 What are the two declarations concerned with?

      A  The status of the English language.

      B   The protection of new languages.

      C  The rights to speak one's mother tongue.

      D  The improvement of the English language.

2小题>

Who suggested in the 18th century that English should be protected?

     A  WaIt Wolfram.                       B  John Adams.

     C  Royalists.                            D  Dick Tucker.

3小题>

Which of the following is the current debate NOT related to?

    A  The immigration issues.

    B  The changing demography.

    C  The worry about the new languages.

    D  The U.S.’s military strength.

4小题>

Which statement is true according to the 2000 U.S.Census Bureau report?

    A  172 million Americans speak only English in their workplaces.

    B  37 million Americans speak English.

    C  209 million Americans are above the age of 18.

    D  6.5 million Americans speak good English.

5小题>

The phrase "kicked around"  ( paragraph 4)  could be best replaced by

    A  “invented.”    B  “formed.”

    C  “shaped.”    D  “discussed.”

第 21 题:补全短文:

   Farmers' Markets

     Charlotte Hollins knows she faces a battle.  The 23-year-old British farmer and her 21-

year-old brother Ben are fighting to save the farm from developers that their father worked on

since he was 14.______(46)

     “You don't often get a day off.  Supermarkets put a lot of pressure on farmers to keep

 prices down.  With fewer people working on farms it can be isolating," she said.  "There is

 a high rate of suicide and farming will never make you rich!”

     Oliver Robinson, 25, grew up on a farm in Yorkshire.________(47) "I'm sure

 dad hoped l'd stay," he said.“l guess it's a nice,  straightforward life,  but it doesn't appeal.

For young, ambitious people, farm life would be a hard world." For Robinson, farming

 doesn't ofter much "in terms of money or lifestyie." Hollins agrees that economics stops

people from pursuing farming rewards: "providing for a VitaI human need,  while working

outdoorS With natUre.”

    Farmlng is a big pom:ical issue in the U.K.________ (48)The 2001 foot and

 mouth crisis  closed  thousands  of  farms,  stopped  meat  exports,  and  raised  public

consciousnesS of troubIes in U.K.farming.

     Jamie OliVer's 2005 campaign to get children to eat heaIthily aIso highIighted the issue.

This  nationaI  concem  spells  (带来)  hope  for  farmers  competing  with  powerful

supermarkets.________(49)

     “I started g oing to Farmers'Markels in direct de“ance(蔑视)of the big supermarkets.

    _______(50)It's te rribIe,”sajd Londoner MichaeI Samson.

A  But he neVer considered staying on his father and grandfather's land.

B  Wh.Ie most peo pIe buy food from the big supermarkets,  hundreds of independent

    Farmers'Markets are becomlng popular.

C  WhiIe confldent they will succeed,she Iists farming's many chailenges:

D  Young people prefer to live in cities.

E  l se riously objected to the super—sjzing of everything——what exactly do they put on our    apples to make them so big and red?

F  “Buy British"  campaigns urge(鼓励)consumers not to buy cheaper imported foods.

1小题>
2小题>
3小题>
4小题>
5小题>
第 22 题:完形填空:

 London Cabbies(出租车司机)

    Every city in the world has taxis to take tourists to interesting places.  London is the only

city in the world where taking a taxi is an_______ (51) experience for tourists.  This

is partly because of the special black cabs, which are found in no other country.  But it is

aiso because of the drivers themselves.______(52) British people are famous for

being polite and reserved,  London cabbies are well-known _______ (53)  their

willingness to talk.

    Some customers say that once the door shuts and the cab    ______(54) off they

are a captive  (监禁了的)  audience.  It is impossible to get the taxi driver to stop

    _______(55)."They're self-confident and free thinking," said Malcolm Linskey, the

author of a history of taxi drivers in London.

    They are also expensive.  London has the most expensive taxis of any city in the world

except Tokyo.  That's why Ken Livingstone, the Mayor of London, is planning to make taxi

drivers negotiate their fares with_______(56) before they take a ride.

    Drivers agree that their fares  are  expensive.  That's  because their  black taxis

    ______(57) more than other cars, they say.  And the customer is also paying for

 more driving expertise(专门知识) than anywhere else in the world.

    Before someone can qualify as a London taxi driver, that person has to pass a test

    (58) simply as "The Knowledge".  This involves_______ (59)thename and location of every street within six miles

of a point in the exact centre of London.The trainee(受训者)  must also learn the exact location of every important

building within these streets.  Finally he or she must be able to use this knowledge to work out the______(60) 

distance between any two destinations within this area.It can_______(61)up to three years to pass "The Knowledge".

  Every day it ispossible to see trainee taxi drivers on the streets of London, taking careful notes of popular

 destinations before tracing the route to their next stop.  Cab driving is  a  job often

    ( 62)  down in families.  Many taxi drivers take their children out in their spare

time to memorize________(63) they need to know when it is their turn to do "The

 Knowledge".

    London cabbies also have bigger brains.  Recent research found that the part of the

 brain that remembers things was larger and more_______(64) in cab drivers. They

 have to fit the whole of London into their heads, so their brains grow bigger.  So perhaps il

 is not________(65) that taxi drivers have lots to say.

1小题>

  A    rewarding    B  interesting    C  happy    D  delightful

2小题>

 A   Before    B  After          C  When    D  While

3小题>

A   for        B  as            C  of       D  at

4小题>

 A   departs    B  leaves         C  moves    D  takes

5小题>

 A   arguing      B  saying      C  telling    D  talking

6小题>

 A   customers    B  hosts       C  guests    D  bosses

7小题>

A  buy          B  cost        C  sell        D  consume

8小题>

 A  called        B  entitled      C  known       D  understood

9小题>

A  tomemorize    B  memorize    C  memorized    D  memorizing

10小题>

A  shortest       B  shortish      C  shortened     D short

11小题>

A  spen         B  take         C  give       D  bring

12小题>

A  inherited      B  sent         C  handed     D  given

13小题>

 A  numbers      B  routes        C  shapes     D  people

14小题>

 A  constructed    B  concentrated   C  devoted     D  developed

15小题>

 A  surprising     B  wondering    C  doubting     D  suspecting 

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