At midnight, we werearoused by a knock at the door.
A irritate B awakened C arisen D annoyed
She was awarded a prize for the film.
A given B rewarded C sent D reminded
Smoking will be banned in all public places here.
A forbidden B allowed C permitted D promoted
That guy is intelligent but a bit dull.
A strange B special C quiet D boring
She is a highly successful teacher.
A fairly B rather C very D moderately
We should not sacrifice environmental protections to foster economic growth.
A reduce B promote C realize D give
There is a growinggap between the rich and the poor.
A conflict B tension C gulf D confrontation
I am very grateful to you for your assistance.
A helpful B hopeful C pitiful D thankful
You will be meeting her presently.
A shortly B currently C lately D probably
Attitudes to mental illness have shifted in recent years.
A displayed B shown C changed D demonstrated
I have been trying to quit smoking.
A give up B pick up C build up D take up
Relief workers were shocked by what they saw.
A moved B touched C surprised D worried
The weather is a constant subject of conversation in Britain.
A question B problem C title D topic
This is not typical of English, but is a feature of the Chinese language.
A particular B characteristic C remarkable D idiomatic
It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.
A simply B almost C totally D completely
Scotland: A Land of Wisdom
In the 1740s, the famous French philosopher Voltaire said "We look to Scotland for all
our ideas of civilization. " That's not a bad advertisement for any country when it comes to
attracting people to search for a first-class education.
According to the American author Arthur Herman, the Scots invented the modem world
itself. He argues that Scottish thinkers and intellectuals worked out many of the most
important ideas on which modern life depends - everything from the scientific method to
market economics. Their ideas did not just spread among intellectuals, but to those people
in business, government and the sciences who actually shaped the Western world.
It all started during the period that historians call the Scottish Enlightenment ( 启蒙运动) ,
which is usually seen as taking place between the years 1740 and 1800. Before that,
philosophy was mainly concerned with religion. For the thinkers of the Scottish
Enlightenment, the proper study of humanity was mankind itself.
Their reasoning was practical. For the philosopher David Hume, humanity was the right
subject for philosophy because we can examine human behavior and so find real evidence of
how people think and feel. And from that we can make judgments about the societies we live
in and make concrete suggestions about how they can be improved for universal benefit.
Hume's enquiry into the nature of knowledge laid the foundations for the scientific
method - the pursuit of truth through experiment. His friend and fellow resident of
Edinburgh, Adam Smith, famously applied the study of mankind to the ways in which
mankind does business. Trade, he argued, was a form of information. In pursuing our
own interests through trading in markets, we all come to benefit each other.
Smith's idea has dorminated modern views of economics. It also has wide applications.
He was one of the philosophers to point out that nations can become rich, free and powerful
through peace, trade and invention.
Although the Scottish Enlightenment ended a long time ago, the ideas which evolved at
that time stili underpin(构成...的基础) our theories of human, exchange and enquiry. It
also exists in Scotland itself in an educational tradition that combines academic excellence
with orientation ( 方向) .
Scotlandis the right place to receive a first-class education.
A Right B wrong C Not mentioned
According to Arthur Herman, the Scots developed many important ideas which modernlife depends on.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Philosophers had come to know the importance of studying humanity even before the
Scottish Enlightenment took place.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
David Hume was the first philosopher to study mankind.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Smith's idea has extenslve applications.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Our current theories of human exchange and enquiry have nothing to do with the ideas developed during the Scottish Enlightenment.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Smith died in 1800.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Ceasing to Wear Ties
1 lt's useless. lt's dirty. It spreads disease. That's why the British Medical Association in
the U.K.recently called for hospital doctors to stop wearing ties.
2 That leads to another question. Why does anyone wear a tie? Ties serve no purpose. They
do not cover any part of your body and keep you warm. They always seem to get covered in
food stains. Perhaps that is the purpose of the tie. It lets everyone know what you just ate.
3 Ties have an odd history. Soldiers from Croatia, in Eastern Europe, served as merce-
naries（雇佣军）in various conflicts in the 17th century. They were identified by brightly
colored pieces of silk worn around the neck. Known as cravats（围巾）, these became a
popular fashion item in France and eventually evolved into the tie.
4 It's an interesting story, but it doesn't tell us why men want to put useless pieces of cloth
or silk around their necks. The answer seems to be about identification（身份证明）． In the
19th-century Britain, ties were used by universities, military regiments（团）,sports clubs,
schools and gentleman's clubs. Each tie was in a particular set of colors which identified the
wearer as a member of that organization. Wearing ties was also the mark of Britain's most
powerful classes. That made the tie itself a symbol of power and respect. And that led it to
be adopted by a much larger class - the business class.
5 You cannot wear a tie if you work with machinery. So wearing a tie became a sign that
you were a man who used his brain to make a living, rather than his hands. It showed you
were serious. It showed you were a professional. It meant that everyone who wanted a job
in businoss had to wear one. It was just impossible to take seriously a man who did not
wear a piece of colored silk around his neck. This is how millions of people came to wear
ties across the world.
6 Is there a future for ties? The signs are not promising. Many political leaders, including
British Prime Minister Tony Blair, now go without ties.
A Origin of the tie
B Uselessness of the tie
C USeIeSSneSS Of the tie
D Old-fashioned ties
E Role of the tie
F Signs of a tieless era
Paragraph 2 ______
A they were workmen
B they were members of different organizations
C hospital doctors stop wearing ties
D who does not always wear a tie
E who served as mercenaries in many conflicts in the 17th century
F who does not want to live like a king
The British Medical Association suggested that_______
Ties were first worn by the Croatian soldiers______.
People wore different ties in Britain in the 19th century to show that____
British Prime Minister Tony Blair is a man______
His Own Way to Express Love
Yesterday was our three-year anniversary. We didn't do anything romantic; we just
walked hand in hand and talked about our past and the future. This was pretty much what I
Andy is an unromantic guy: no sweet words or roses. Smart as he is, he is a little bit
shy expressing his love. In contrast,I am an outspoken（直言不讳）girl who likes to show
her feelings directly. So needless to say, I often feel that he is insensitive. 1 envy other
girls who are surrounded by sweet words.
I was in this sullen mood until I heard a beautiful sentence one day: "If one does not
love you the way you like, it does not mean that he does not love you.”This simple but
sensible sentence made me think about our happy days and recall his deep concern for me.
One cold winter night, l got a high fever. He hurried to my dormitory and took me to
the hospital. He was in such a hurry that he even forgot to wear socks. After arrival, he
ran through the hospital handling all the formalities（手续）.When l was put on a drip（点
滴）, he told me interesting stories to make me happy. Being held in his warm arms and
listening to his tender （温柔的） voice, l had never felt so safe and comfortable.
Gradually,I feil asleep. When l woke up 15 minutes later, he was still mumbling(咕哝地
说．) to me. He explained that if he had stopped talking l would have woken up. At that
moment, 1 found love in his eyes.
Another time,I had a bad quarrel with my best friend. Although I knew it was my fault,
I refused to admit-t_ I was very angry when he insisted l apologize to her. He said that it
was difficult to admit a mistake, but this was what everyone should do. The next morning.
I apologized to my friend and asked for her forgiveness.
My unromantic boyfriend cares about my health like my father, understands me like mv
mother and helps me like my elder brother.
Who is Andy'l
A The writer's father. B The writer's uncle.
C The writer's elder brother. D The writer's boyfriend.
When did the writer and Andy fall in love?
A Three years ago. B Two days ago.
C On a cold winter night. D After a quarrel.
Which statement is true of the writer?
A She likes running after romantic guys.
B She does not like sweet words.
C she Iikes expressing her feelings directly D She does not like roses.
The writer tells the reader two stories to show that
A Andy is a romantic guy.
B Andy has his own way to express love.
C Andy is an insensitive guy.
D Andy is a foolish guy.
The word "sullen" (paragraph 3) could be best replaced by
A "cheerful. " B "calm. "
C "good. " D "bad. "
Good Table Manners
Manners play an important part in making a favorable impression at the dinner table,
Here are some general rules:
The meal begins when the host unfolds his or her napkin. This is your signal to do the
same, so place your napkin on your lap. Unfold it completely if it is a small napkin, or in
half, lengthwise (纵向地) , if it is a large dinner napkin.
If you need to leave the table during the meal, place your napkin on your chair as a
signal to your server that you will be returning. Once the meal is over, place your napkin
neatly on the table to the right of your dinner plate. Do not refold it.
Use a napkin only for your mouth. Never use it for your nose, face or forehead.
Use of utensils(餐具)
Start with the knife, fork or spoon furthest from your plate, and work your way in,
using one utensil for each course.
If soup is served, remember to spoon away from yourself. This helps stop the drips.
Do not put the entire soup spoon in your mouth. Instead, fill a soup spoon about 75 per
cent with soup, and sip (啜饮) it from the side noiselessly.
After finishing dinner. place the knife and fork parallel to one another across the plate
with the knife blade facing inward toward the plate.
Using your fingers
Hereis a list of finger foods: sandwiches, cookies, small fruits or berries with stems,
French fries and potato chips, and hamburgers.
Chew (咀嚼) with your mouth closed and don't make noise; don't talk with your mouth
Bread must be broken with your hands. It is never cut with a knife.
Don't pick something out of your teeth. Instead, excuse yourself to the bathroom.
If possible, try not to cough at the table.
Do not put your elbows (肘) on the table. In France, it is essential to have both
hands above the table at the same time.
Do not put bones or anything else on the table. Things that are not eaten should be put
on your plate.
Where is the napkin normally placed during the meal?
A On your chair. B On the table.
C On your lap. D On your plate.
The napkin is used only for
A your forehead. B your mouth. C your nose. D your face
Which utensil is used first?
A The knife. B The fork.
C The spoon. D The one farthest from the plate.
All of the following are finger foods EXCEPT
A soup. B sandwiches.
C cookies. D hamburgers.
Which of the following shows good table manners?
A Talking with your mouth full.
B Putting bones on your plate.
C Putting your elbows on the table.
D Chewing with your month open.
A Debate on the English Language
A measure declaring English the national language is under intense debate in the United
States. The U. S. Senate passed two declarations last week. One calls English the nation's
official language and the other says it is the "common and unifying (统—的) " tongue. But
Americans found themselves divided on the issue.
Since people worldwide know that most Americans speak only English, many can't
understand why the issue is so controversial (有争议的).
"The discussion is related to fears of immigration issues," says Dick Tucker, a social
scientist at Pittsburgh's Carnegie Mellon University. "It's related to a worry about the
changing demography (人口统计) of the U. S. It's a worry about who will continue to have
political and economic influence. "
In fact, the notion of protecting the language has been kicked around almost since the
nation's founding. John Adams lobbied (游说) in 1780 for the creation of a national
academy to correct and improve the English language. But his proposal died, since
lawmakers saw it as a royalist (保皇主义者) attempt to define personal behavior.
Since then, the country hasn't had a national language, but the idea of recognizing the
special status of English lived on.
The emotions surrounding language resurface (再次浮现) not because people feel
comfortable with English. It is more about the discomfort many Americans feel with the new
languages, says WaIt Wolfram, a professor at North Carolina State University.
" Language is never about language," he says.
According to the 2000 U. S. Census Bureau report, of 209 million Americans over 18
years old, 172 million speak only English at home. About 37 million speak languages other
than English. Among them, 6. 5 million speak poor English and 3.1 million don't speak
English at all.
What are the two declarations concerned with?
A The status of the English language.
B The protection of new languages.
C The rights to speak one's mother tongue.
D The improvement of the English language.
Who suggested in the 18th century that English should be protected?
A WaIt Wolfram. B John Adams.
C Royalists. D Dick Tucker.
Which of the following is the current debate NOT related to?
A The immigration issues.
B The changing demography.
C The worry about the new languages.
D The U.S.’s military strength.
Which statement is true according to the 2000 U.S.Census Bureau report?
A 172 million Americans speak only English in their workplaces.
B 37 million Americans speak English.
C 209 million Americans are above the age of 18.
D 6.5 million Americans speak good English.
The phrase "kicked around" ( paragraph 4) could be best replaced by
A “invented.” B “formed.”
C “shaped.” D “discussed.”
Charlotte Hollins knows she faces a battle. The 23-year-old British farmer and her 21-
year-old brother Ben are fighting to save the farm from developers that their father worked on
since he was 14.______(46)
“You don't often get a day off. Supermarkets put a lot of pressure on farmers to keep
prices down. With fewer people working on farms it can be isolating," she said. "There is
a high rate of suicide and farming will never make you rich!”
Oliver Robinson, 25, grew up on a farm in Yorkshire.________(47) "I'm sure
dad hoped l'd stay," he said.“l guess it's a nice, straightforward life, but it doesn't appeal.
For young, ambitious people, farm life would be a hard world." For Robinson, farming
doesn't ofter much "in terms of money or lifestyie." Hollins agrees that economics stops
people from pursuing farming rewards: "providing for a VitaI human need, while working
outdoorS With natUre．”
Farmlng is a big pom:ical issue in the U.K．________ (48)The 2001 foot and
mouth crisis closed thousands of farms, stopped meat exports, and raised public
consciousnesS of troubIes in U.K.farming.
Jamie OliVer's 2005 campaign to get children to eat heaIthily aIso highIighted the issue.
This nationaI concem spells （带来） hope for farmers competing with powerful
“I started g oing to Farmers'Markels in direct de“ance（蔑视）of the big supermarkets.
_______(50)It's te rribIe,”sajd Londoner MichaeI Samson.
A But he neVer considered staying on his father and grandfather's land.
B Wh.Ie most peo pIe buy food from the big supermarkets, hundreds of independent
Farmers'Markets are becomlng popular.
C WhiIe confldent they will succeed,she Iists farming's many chailenges:
D Young people prefer to live in cities.
E l se riously objected to the super—sjzing of everything——what exactly do they put on our apples to make them so big and red?
F “Buy British" campaigns urge（鼓励）consumers not to buy cheaper imported foods.
Every city in the world has taxis to take tourists to interesting places. London is the only
city in the world where taking a taxi is an_______ (51) experience for tourists. This
is partly because of the special black cabs, which are found in no other country. But it is
aiso because of the drivers themselves.______(52) British people are famous for
being polite and reserved, London cabbies are well-known _______ (53) their
willingness to talk.
Some customers say that once the door shuts and the cab ______(54) off they
are a captive （监禁了的） audience. It is impossible to get the taxi driver to stop
_______(55)."They're self-confident and free thinking," said Malcolm Linskey, the
author of a history of taxi drivers in London.
They are also expensive. London has the most expensive taxis of any city in the world
except Tokyo. That's why Ken Livingstone, the Mayor of London, is planning to make taxi
drivers negotiate their fares with_______(56) before they take a ride.
Drivers agree that their fares are expensive. That's because their black taxis
______(57) more than other cars, they say. And the customer is also paying for
more driving expertise(专门知识) than anywhere else in the world.
Before someone can qualify as a London taxi driver, that person has to pass a test
(58) simply as "The Knowledge". This involves_______ (59)thename and location of every street within six miles
of a point in the exact centre of London.The trainee（受训者） must also learn the exact location of every important
building within these streets. Finally he or she must be able to use this knowledge to work out the______(60)
distance between any two destinations within this area.It can_______(61)up to three years to pass "The Knowledge".
Every day it ispossible to see trainee taxi drivers on the streets of London, taking careful notes of popular
destinations before tracing the route to their next stop. Cab driving is a job often
( 62) down in families. Many taxi drivers take their children out in their spare
time to memorize________(63) they need to know when it is their turn to do "The
London cabbies also have bigger brains. Recent research found that the part of the
brain that remembers things was larger and more_______(64) in cab drivers. They
have to fit the whole of London into their heads, so their brains grow bigger. So perhaps il
is not________(65) that taxi drivers have lots to say.
A rewarding B interesting C happy D delightful
A Before B After C When D While
A for B as C of D at
A departs B leaves C moves D takes
A arguing B saying C telling D talking
A customers B hosts C guests D bosses
A buy B cost C sell D consume
A called B entitled C known D understood
A tomemorize B memorize C memorized D memorizing
A shortest B shortish C shortened D short
A spen B take C give D bring
A inherited B sent C handed D given
A numbers B routes C shapes D people
A constructed B concentrated C devoted D developed
A surprising B wondering C doubting D suspecting