The news will horrify everyone.
A attract B terrify C tempt D excite
The article sketched the major events of the decade.
A described B offered C outlined D presented
I won't tolerate that kind of behavior.
A bear B accept C admit D take
Their style of playing football is utterly different.
A barely B scarcely C hardly D totally
Her sister urged her to apply for the job.
A advised B caused C forced D promised
Even sensible men do absurd things.
A unusual B ridiculous C special D typical
She bumped into her boyfriend in town this morning.
A walked B came C fled D ran
This sort of thing is bound to happen.
A sure B quick C fast D swift
At the age of 30, Hersey suddenly became a celebrity.
A boss B manager C star D dictator
He cannot discriminate between a good idea and a bad one.
A judge B assess C distinguish D recognize
They are concerned for the fate of the forest and the Indians who dwell in. it.
Alive B sleep C hide D gather
The index is the government's chief gauge of future economic activity.
A method B measure C way D manner
The architecture is harmonious and no building is over six-storey high.
A old-fashioned B traditional C conventional D balanced
The food is inadequate for ten people.
A demanded B qualified C insufficient D required
She persevered in her ideas despite obvious objections raised by friends.
A persisted B insisted C resisted D suggested
The Spanish Flu Epidemic
If you're worried about the possibility of a coming bird flu epidemic, you can take
comfort in the fact that humanity has survived a similar influenza epidemic in the past. Starting
its rounds at the end of World War I ,the 1918 flu killed an estimated 50 million people.
Popularly known as the Spanish Flu, this type of influenza was far worse than your
common cold. Normally, influenza only kills those who are more vulnerable to disease, such
as newborns, the old or the sick. However, the Spanish Flu was prone to killing the young
and healthy. Often it would disable its victims in hours; within a day, they would be dead,
typically from extreme cases of pneumonia（肺炎）．
The Spanish Flu was quite nasty - fast-spreading and deadly. It managed to spread
across the globe, devastating the world. Then suddenly, after two years ravaging（蹂躏）
the Earth, it disappeared as quickly as it had arisen.
Despite its nickname, the Spanish Flu did not originate in Spain. It’ s. true origins are
unknown. Some believe it stated in US forts and then spread to Europe as- America joined
the war; others think that it populated the trenches of the English and the French and
eventually broke out in 1918. Regardless of where lt started, eventually a fifth of the world
population suffered the disease, with a global mortality rate（死亡率）estimated at 2.5% of
Modernity was partly to blame for the quick spread of the disease. It passed throughout
the world on trade routes and shipping lines. It hit Northern America, Europe, Asia, Africa
and the South Pacific. The war did not help at all - the movement of supplies and troops
aided the spread of the Spanish Flu, as well as the trench warfare. Imagine the speed at
which a virus can spread in a crowded ditch. The fast emergence of the virus in the trenches
caused some soldiers to believe that the Spanish Flu was a new form of biological warfare.
Luckily, the Spanish Flu simply vanished by 1920.It is believed the flu simply ran out of
fuel to spread.
The Spanish Flu started during World War I.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
The Spanish Flu posed a greater threat to the old and the sick.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
AS the Spanish Flu was spreading, people in Australia were worried.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
The Spanish Flu disappeared two years after it broke out.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
The Spanish Flu was named after the place where it started.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
About half of the people in the world suffered from the Spanish Flu.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Biological warfare originated in the 20th century.
A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Facts about Stroke
1 Every 45 seconds, someone in America has a stroke. Every 3. 1 minutes, someone dies
of one. Stroke killed an estimated 167, 661 people in 2000 and is the nation's third leading
cause of death, ranking behind diseases of the heart and all forms of cancer. Stroke is a
leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the United States.
2 Stroke is a type of cardiovascular (心血管的) disease. It affects the arteries (动脉)
leading to and within the brain. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and
nutrients (营养物) to the brain is either blocked by a clot (凝块) or bursts. When that
happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood ( and oxygen) it needs, so it starts to die.
3 The brain is an extremely complex organ that controls various body functions. If a stroke
occurs and blood flow can't reach the region that controls a particular body function, that part
of the body won't work as it should. If the stroke occurs toward the back of the brain, for
instance, it's likely that some disability involving vision will result. The effects of a stroke
depend primarily on the location of the obstruction (阻塞) and the extent of brain tissue
4 The American Stroke Association has identified several factors that increase the risk of
stroke. The more risk factors a person has, the greater the chance that he or she will have
a stroke. Some of these you can't control, such as increasing age, family health history,
race, and prior stroke. But you can change or treat other risk factors to lower your risk.
Factors resulting from lifestyle or environment can be modified with a healthcare provider's
help. Some of these include: high blood pressure, current smoking, heart disease, and
high red blood cell count.
5 Astroke can happen to anyone at any moment. In fact about 600, 000 people have
strokes every year. For many years, there was no hope for those suffering a stroke.
However, recent breakthroughs have led to new treatments. For the treatments to work, the
person must get to a hospital immediately
A Effects of a stroke
B Annual cost of stroke in the US
C Definition and description of a stroke
D Breakthroughs in treatment
E Risk factors of stroke
F Warning signs of a stroke
Paragraph 2 ______
Paragraph 3 _______
Paragraph 4 _______
Paragraph 5 ______
A suffer from a stroke
B will be affected
C change their lifestyles
D will take place
E occurs at the back of his/her brain
F controls various body functions
When a stroke occurs, the arteries leading to and within the brain _____
A person's vision is likely to be affected if a stroke _________
Some people can reduce their risk of stroke if they ________
New treatments are now available to people who________
Trying to Find a Partner
One of the most striking findings of a recent poll in the UK is that of the people
interviewed, one in two believes that it iS becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a
Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships?
Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love? Or are we making it harder for
It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from
relationships. Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status.A man
doesn't expect his spouse to be in sole charge of running his household and raising his
But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means
that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.
In theory, finding a partner should be much simpler these days. Only a few generations
ago, your choice of soulmate（心上人）was constrained by geography, social convention
and family tradition. Although it was never explicit, many marriages were essentially
Now those barriers have been broken down. You can approach a builder or a brain
surgeon in any bar in any city on any given evening. When the world is your oyster（牡蛎），
you surely have a better chance of finding a pearl.
But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint:
the tyranny of choice.
The expectations of partners are inflated to an unmanageable degree: good looks,
impressive salary, kind to grandmother, and right socks. There is no room for error in the
We think that a relationship can be perfect. If it isn't, it is disposable. We work to
protect ourselves against future heartache and don't put in the hard emotional labor needed
to build a strong relationship. Of course, this is complicated by realities. The cost of housing
and child-rearing creates pressure to have a stable income and career before a life
What does the recent poll show?
A It is getting more difficult for a woman to find her husband.
B It is getting increasingly difficult to start a family.
C It is getting more difficult for a man to find his wife.
D It is getting increasingly difficult to develop an intimate relationship with your spouse.
Which of the following is NOT true about a contemporary married couple?
A The wife doesn't have to raise the children all by herself.
B The husband doesn't have to support the family all by himself.
C The wife is no longer the only person to manage the household.
D They will receive a large sum of money from the government.
Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one's choice of soulmate in the olddays?
A The health condition of his or her grandmother.
B The geographical environment.
C The social convention.
D The family tradition.
Which of the following is NOT expected of a partner according to this passage?
A Good looks.
B An impressive career.
C A high salary.
D A fine sense of humor.
The word "sustain" ( paragraph 2) could be best replaced by
Chronic Diseases: The World's Leading Killer
Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. Yet health experts say
these conditions are often the most preventable. Chronic diseases include heart disease,
stroke, cancer, diabetes (糖尿病) and lung disorders.
The World Health Organization says chronic diseases lead to about seventeen million
early deaths each year. This United Nations agency expects more than three hundred eighty
million people to die of chronic diseases by two thousand fifteen. It says about eighty percent
of the deaths will happen in developing nations.
The WHO says chronic diseases now cause two-thirds of all deaths in the Asia-Pacific
area. In ten years it could be almost three-fourths. People are getting sick in their most
economically productive years. In fact, experts say chronic diseases are killing more middle-
aged people in poorer countries than in wealthier ones.
The WHO estimates that chronic diseases will cost China alone more than five hundred
thousand million dollars in the next ten years. That estimate represents the costs of medical
treatment and lost productivity. Russia and India are also expected to face huge economic
Kim Hak-Su is the head of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for
Asiaand the Pacific. Last week in Bangkok he presented a WHO report on the problem. It
says deaths from chronic diseases have increased largely as the result of economic gains in
The report details the latest findings from nine countries. They include Brazil, Britain,
Canada, China, India and Nigeria. The others are Pakistan, Russia and Tanzania.
Mister Kim says infectious and parasitic (寄生的) diseases have until recently been the
main killers in Asia and the Pacific. But he says they are no longer the major cause of death
in most countries.
Health officials say as many as eighty percent of deaths from chronic diseases could be
prevented. They say an important tool for governments is to restrict the marketing of alcohol
and tobacco to young people. Also, more programs are needed to urge healthy eating and
more physical activity.
UN officials aim through international action to reduce chronic-disease deaths by two percent each year through two thousand fifteen. They say meeting that target could save
thirty-six million lives. That includes twenty-five million in Asia and the Pacific.
How many people in developing countries will probably die of chronic diseases by 2015?
A More than 17 million.
B More than 380 million.
C More than 304 million.
D More than 25 million.
Due to chronic diseases China will have to face
A great pressure from other countries.
B a limited economic market.
C a shortage of the labor force.
D huge economic losses.
Which can NOT be learned from the passage?
A Many chronic-disease deaths are preventable.
B Chronic diseases are the major cause of death in most countries.
C Chronic diseases are killing more middle-aged people than elderly people.
D Economic gains in many countries have contributed to chronic-disease deaths.
Until recently the main killers in Asia and the Pacific have been
A economic gains.
B lost productivity.
C chronic diseases.
D infectious and parasitic diseases.
Which is NOT mentioned as a way to prevent chronic-disease deaths?
A Timely medical treatment.
B Healthy eating.
C More physical activity.
D Reduction in drinking and smoking.
Joyce Sipes and Mary Ellen Dodge
When Joyce Sipes was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1999, she shared the news
immediately with her sister Mary Ellen Dodge. Mary Ellen was there for her - helping her
through the terror, and the fear, and the thousand questions that are inevitably a part of
hearing the word "cancer".
Fortunately, a friend at work who had had a similar diagnosis highly recommended
Alonzo Walker, MD, Medical College of Wisconsin surgical oncologist (外科仲瘤学家 ) and director of the Froedtert & Medical College of Wisconsin Breast Cancer Program. Joyce
made an appointment. At an initial consultation, Dr. Walker spent two hours with Joyce and
her husband. Joyce was so reassured; she cancelled her appointment to get a second
Ultimately, Joyce's cancer required a mastectomy ( 乳房切除术). Reconstructive
surgery took place right away. She came to think of Dr. Walker as her partner, "'not just my
doctor". And the Froedtert nurses, she says, were "very unusual and impressive".
As it turned out, Joyce would soon have the chance to do something important for her
sister Mary Ellen. During her own cancer treatment, Joyce suggested that Mary Ellen should
get herself checked through the Froedtert & Medical College of Wisconsin Breast Cancer
Program. In addition to its opportunities for examination and screening, the hospital hadestablished a program especially for women in families at high risk for cancer. Sure enough,
it turned out that Mary Ellen had some cysts（囊肿）,one of which was dangerous enough
that it needed to be surgically removed. She's fine now—thanks to Joyce's suggestion.
Both sisters experienced firsthand how Froedtert＆Medical College of Wisconsin offers
more than leading-edge technology and the unmatched experience of physicians in an
academic medical center. It offers a comprehensive team approach - of consultation,
collaboration, and care - all focused on the individual patient. That's why Joyce came to
think of Froedtert, throughout the process of her treatment, as being her "security blanket".
Joyce Sipes has been cancer-free five years now - an important milestone（里程碑）
for breast cancer survivors. Joyce and Mary Ellen are together once again in their workshop
in Joyce's home, making the beautiful market baskets, bread baskets, muffin（松饼）
baskets. and Nantucket baskets that they - and their customers - love.
What did Mary Ellen do for her cancer-stricken sister?
A She recommended Dr. Walker.
B She kept her from being disturbed.
C She asked her a lot of questions.
D She comforted her as much as she could.
After talking with Dr. Walker, Joyce decided
A to get a second opinion elsewhere.
B not to see any other doctors.
C to give up treatment.
D not to trust him.
Thanks to Joyce's suggestion, Mary Ellen got
A an opportunity to work as a nurse.
B the same surgical procedure as her sister.
C a timely check and treatment for breast cancer.
D a chance to work for the Breast Cancer Program.
Which is NOT true of Froedtert&Medical College of Wisconsin?
A It does not care much about the individual patient.
B Il offers more than leading-edge technology.
C lts physicians have unique experience.
D It adopts a comprehensive team approach.
lt can be seen from the last paragraph that the two sisters
A are leading a sad and lonely life.
B are still at high risk of breast cancer.
C are learning to make various kinds of baskets.
D very much enjoy their present life and work.
There is a common response to America among foreign writers: the US is a land of
extremes where the best of things are just as easily found as the worst. This is a cliche(陈词滥调）．
In the land of black and white, people should not be too surprised to find some of the
biggest gaps between the rich and the poor in the world. But the American Dream offers a
way out to everyone. _____(46) No class system or government stands in the
Sadly, this old argument is no longer true. Over the past few decades there has been a
fundamental shift in the structure of the American economy.
The gap between the rich and the poor has widened and widened._______(47)
Over the past 25 years the median US family income has gone up 18 percent. For the
top l percent, however, it has gone up 200 percent. Twenty-five years ago the top fifth of
Americans had an average income 6.7 times that of the bottom fifth______(48)
Inequalities have grown worse in different regions. In California, incomes for lower class
families have fallen by 4 percent since 1969._______(49) This has led to an
economy hugely in favor of a small group of very rich Americans. The wealthiest l percent of
households now control a third of the national wealth. There are now 37 million Americans
living in poverty. At 12.7 percent of the population, it is the highest percentage in the
Yet the tax burden on America's rich is falling, not growing.________ (50) There
was an economic theory holding that the rich spending more would benefit everyone as a
whole. But clearly that theory has not worked in reality.
A Nobody is poor in the US.
B The top O.01 percent of households has seen its tax bite fall by a full 25 percentage
points since 1980.
C For upper class families they have risen 41 percent.
D Now it is 9.8 times.
E As it does so, the possibility to cross that gap gets smaller and smaller.
F All one has to do is to work hard and climb the ladder towards the top.
World Heart Day
Sunday was World Heart Day. The World Heart Federation and its member groups in
more than one hundred countries organized the celebrations. The World Health Organization
and other United Nations agencies provided support for the_______(51).
World Heart Day was first observed six years________ (52). Organizers proposed
the event as a way to help reduce the spread of heart disease. The World Heart Federation
says heart _______(53)kills seventeen million people each year.
The group urges people to be active and have a good, healthy diet. It also warns
_______ (54) activities known to increase a person's risk of heart attack or stroke.
Some of the warnings are directed at children. The World Heart Federation says about
twenty-two million boys and girls under the age of five are obese—severely overweight.
Children are normally energetic and active. ________ (55) two thirds of all
children are not active enough. Such children greatly_________ (56) their risk of
becoming obese. They also increase their________ (57) of developing heart diseaseor other disorders.
One message of World Heart Day is to eat right. Children________ (58) eat a
healthy and balanced diet. Also, limit sugary drinks, sweets and eating between meals.
The World Heart Federation urges parents to keep their children ________ (59). It
says physical exercise helps to decrease the risk of obesity and ________ (60) a child
healthy. Obese children often become obese adults________(61 ) you believe your
child is too heavy, talk with a health care provider.
The World Heart Federation is also concerned about the effects of tobacco on young
people. It says the younger someone begins to smoke, the ________ (62) the chance
of a health problem tied to smoking. Half of the young people who continue to smoke are
______ (63) to die later in life from a smoking-related disease.
The group says almost half of all children live with a smoker. It says children who live
with a _______(64) can breathe an amount of tobacco equal to more than two
thousand cigarettes. And that is by the time they are five years old.
The World Heart Federation also says parents should warn children not to be
_______ (65) by tobacco companies. And it says parents who smoke should try to
A group B event C organization D agency
A earlier B before C ago D past
A accident B health C disease D beating
A against B toward C upon D onto
A Therefore B However C Hence D But
A manage B lower C meet D increase
A mood B desire C age D risk
A may B might C should D will
A young B happy C early D active
A maintains B protects C keeps D helps
A If B Although C After D Because
A greater B harder C slimmer D lesser
A supposed B possible C likely D lucky
A patient B relative C parent D smoker
A influenced B bought C employed D troubled