The Stock MarketWhen a new company is organized and shares are sold, it is not hard to determine the value of each share: all the shares together represent the total value of the company.
Ⅰ. The best way to explain how the stock market works.
To imagine you form a company to produce a soda with 4 friends:
1) putting in $600 together for the expenses involved in--the (1) of the
2) stating every (2) represents $10 of the present value of the company;
3) owning a share signifies--a part owner of the company.
Ⅱ. Stock price increases when (3) is good and the value of the company
1) the (4) $600 invested → $1,800 in value at present
2) $10per share originally→ (5) each currently
Ⅲ. Stock price falls when business is worse and the value of the company drops.
1) (6) of $1,800 → a low point of $300
2) $30 per share → $5 per share
IV. How to buy stocs?
1) to find a (7) buying and selling stock for other people;
2) the stockbroker's entering a stock market;
3) the stockbroker's inquirement of other brokers about your buying;
4) the stockbroker's (8) of the stock purchase;
5) to pay the bill --the amount of purchase & the stockbroker's (9)
You have to pay the broker whenever he buys and sells for you, (10)
each time you sell stock and sometimes when you buy. You may also pay a small
fee to the owners of the place where the stock is bought or sold.
Paul Ray said they discovered that a clear cultural change was happening in many areas except ______.
A people's lives
B environmental issues
C consumption patterns
D media advertisements
According to Ray, the official culture is featured by ______.
A small government
B dynamic media
D the massive support from most Americans
Why do cultural creatives regard themselves alone in the society?
A They are seldom mentioned by mass media.
B They don't express themselves.
C They have to sacrifice many things which are parts of their old lives.
D All of the above.
Why are there so many women among Cultural Creatives, according to Ray?
A Because they are not burdened so much as men.
B Because they are more sensitive and feel more.
C Because they will push for change and for a better world because of their husbands.
D Because they have more intelligence and skills.
Ray said he had been an activist, involved in ______.
A anti-discrimination movement
B environmental movement
C non-violence movement
D human rights movement
What do you know about the resort Cancun?
A There were 13,000 people needed to be moved.
B The hurricane came in 1988 killed 300 people.
C It is the largest resort in the world.
D It never experienced a mass evacuation.
Emily will land on the Yucatan ______.
A early Sunday
B early Monday
C late Sunday
D late Monday
Where were the Kuwaitis captured?
A Afghanistan and Iraq.
B Pakistan and Kyrgyzstan.
C India and Pakistan.
D Pakistan and Afghanistan.
According to the news, which of the following statements is true?
A Many detainees in Guantanamo Bay have been held for more than 2 years.
B U.S government doesn't permit Wilner to discuss their cases.
C Some of the Kuwaitis are members of Taliban.
D Human rights group are deeply concerned about the situation of the detainees.
Linguists have found that sign languages and spoken languages share many features. Like spoken languages, which use units of sounds to produce words, sign languages use units of form. These units are composed of four basic hand forms: hand shape, such as an open hand or closed fist; hand location, such as on the middle of the forehead or in front of the chest; hand movement, such as upward or downward; and hand orientation, such as the palm facing up or out.
In spoken languages units of sound combine to make meaning. Separately, b, e, and t have no meaning. However, together they form the word bet. Sign languages contain units of form that by themselves hold no meaning, but when combined create a word. Spoken languages and sign languages differ in the way these units combine to make words, however. In spoken languages units of sound and meaning are combined sequentially. In sign languages, units of form and meaning are typically combined simultaneously.
In American Sign Language (ASL) signs follow a certain order, just as words do in spoken English. However, in ASL one sign can express meaning that would necessitate the use of several words in speech. For example, the words in the statement "I stared at it for a long time" each contain a unit of meaning. In ASL, this same sentence would be expressed as a single sign. The signer forms "look at" by making a V under the eyes with the first and middle fingers of the right hand. The hand moves out toward the object being looked at, repeatedly tracing an oval to indicate "over a long time". To express the adverb "intently" the signer squints the eyes and purses the lips. (To purse the lips is like saying mmmm: pull back and tighten the lips with the lips closed.) Although the English words used to describe the ASL signs are written out in order, in sign language a person forms the signs "look at", "long time", and "intently" at the same time.
ASL has a rich system for modifying the meaning of signs. Verbs such as "look at" can be changed to indicate that the activity takes place without interruption, repeatedly, or over a long time. The adjective "sick", for example, is formed by placing the right middle finger on the forehead and the left middle finger on the stomach. By forming the sign "sick" and repeatedly moving the left hand in a circle, the signer can indicate that someone is characteristically or always sick.
Facial grammar, such as raised eyebrows, also can modify meaning. For example, a signer can make the statement "lie is smart" by forming the ASL sign for "smart" --placing the middle finger at the forehead -- and then quickly pointing it outward as if toward another person to indicate "he". To pose the question "Is he smart?" the signer accompanies this sign with raised eyebrows and a slightly tilted head.
People who sign sometimes use finger spelling to represent letters of the alphabet. In some sign languages, including ASL, finger spelling serves as a way to borrow words from spoken language. A deaf person might, for example, choose to fingerspell "d-o-g" for "dog" instead of using a sign. Several types of finger spelling systems exist.
Linguists still have much to learn about the world's sign languages. What has become clear is that hundreds, if not thousands, of sign languages exist around the world.
According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A Linguists have found that sign languages and spoken languages differ from each other in many features.
B Like spoken languages, which use units of form to produce words, sign languages use units of sounds.
C Separately, b, e, and t have a meaning and together they form the word bet.
D Spoken languages contain units of form that by themselves hold no meaning, but when combined create a word.
In the sentence "In spoken languages units of sound and meaning are combined sequentially.", the word "sequentially" can be replaced by
According to the passage, what is the role of finger spelling in sign language?
A It is to represent letters of the alphabet.
B Finger spelling serves as a way to differ from spoken language.
C Finger spelling means you can spell the word by fingers.
D It is a convenient way to communicate with the other people.
What is the main idea of the passage?
A The difference between spoken language and sign language.
B A new way to communicate.
C Sign language.
D Language and culture.
|I am ashamed m begin with saying that Touraine is the garden of France; that remark has long ago lost its bloom. The town of Tours, however, has something sweet and bright, which suggests that it is surrounded by a land of fruits. It is a very agreeable little city; few towns of its size are more ripe, mom complete, or, I should suppose, in better humor with themselves and less disposed to envy the responsibilities of bigger places. It is truly the capital of its smiling province; a region of easy abundance, of good living, of genial, comfortable, optimistic, rather indolent opinions. Balzac says in one of his tales that the real Tourangeau will not make an effort, or displace himself even, to go in search of a pleasure; and it is not difficult to understand the sources of this amiable cynicism. He must have a vague conviction that he can only lose by almost any change. Fortune has been kind to him: he ryes in a temperate, reasonable, sociable climate, on the banks, of a river which, it is true, sometimes floods the country around it, but of which the ravages appear to be so easily repaired that its aggressions may perhaps be regarded (in a region where so many good things are certain) merely as an occasion for healthy suspense. He is surrounded by fine old traditions, religious, social, architectural, culinary; and he may have the satisfaction of feeling that he is French to the core. No part of his admirable country is more characteristically national. Normandy is Normandy, Burgundy is Burgundy, Provence is Provence; but Touraine is essentially France. It is the land of Rabelais, of Descartes, of Balzac, of good books and good company, as well as good dinners and good houses. George Sand has somewhere a charming passage about the mildness, the convenient quality, of the physical conditions of central France, "son climat souple et chaud, ses pluies abondantes et courtes." In the autumn of 1882 the rains perhaps were less short than abundant; but when the days were fine it was impossible that anything in the way of weather could be more charming. The vineyards and orchards looked rich in the fresh, gay light; cultivation was everywhere, but everywhere it seemed to be easy. There was no visible poverty; thrift and success presented themselves as matters of good taste. The white caps of the women glittered in the sunshire, and their well-made sabots clicked cheerfully on the hard, clean roads. Touraine is a land of old chateaux, a gallery of architectural specimens and of large hereditary properties. The peasantry have less of the luxury of ownership than in most other parts of France; though they have enough of it to give them quite their share of that shrewdly conservative look which, in the little, chaffering, place of the market-town, the stranger observes so often in the wrinkled brown masks that surmount the agricultural blouse. This is, moreover, the heart of the old French monarchy; and as that monarchy was splendid and picturesque, a reflection of the splendor still glitters in the current of the Loire. Some of the most striking events of French history have occurred on the banks of that river, and the soil it waters bloomed for a while with the flowering of the Renaissance. The Loire gives a great "style" to a landscape of which the features are not, as the phrase is, prominent, and carries the eye to distances even more poetic than the green horizons of Toaraine. It is a very fitful stream, and is sometimes observed to run thin and expose all the crudities of its channel, a great defect certainly in a river which is so much depended upon to give an air to the places it waters. But I speak of it as I saw it last; full, tranquil, powerful, bending in large slow curves, and sending back half the light of the sky. Nothing can be finer than the view of its course which you get from the battlements and terraces of Amboise. As I looked down on it from that elevation one lovely Sunday morning, through a mild 'glitter of autumn sunshine, it seemed the very model of a generous, beneficent stream. The most charming part of Tours is naturally the shaded quay that overlooks it, and looks across too at the friendly faubourg of Saint Symphorien and at the terraced heights which rise above this. Indeed, throughout Touraine, it is half the charm of the Loire that you can travel beside it. The great dike which protects it, or, protects the country from it, from Blois to Angers, is an admirable road; and on the other side, as well, the highway constantly keeps it company. A wide river, as you follow a wide road, is excellent company; it heightens and shortens the way.|
From this essay, we can see all of the following except that ______.
A Touraine is an area frequently devastated by floods
B Touraine is surrounded by a land of fruits
C the peasantry here are worse off than in most other parts of France
D the peasantry here are more conservative
Touraine features all of the following except ______.
A the shaded quay
B the Loire
C the great dike
D French history
As the author sees it, ______.
A the Loire is a wide river which follows a wide road
B that you can travel beside the Loire reduces the charm of it
C people here hate to see the Loire exposing all the crudities of its channel
D the Loire is always full, tranquil, and powerful
Which of the following word is not proper for Touraine?
"In the autumn of 1882 the rains perhaps were less short than abundant; but when the days were fine it was impossible that anything in the way of weather could be more charming." This tells us that ______.
A the rainfall of that autumn was scarce
B weather during that period was utterly terrible
C although the rains were a little more than enough, weather sometimes was the finest
D the abundant rains flooded the region with terrible weather accompanying
American Indian Movement (AIM) is an organization devoted to promoting cultural awareness and political self-determination for Native Americans. AIM seeks recognition of treaty rights in accordance with agreements between Native American tribes and the United States government. The organization also supports Native American education and cultural programs. AIM is best known for its confrontational political demonstrations during the late 192s and 1970s.
AIM was founded in 1968 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in response to complaints by Native American residents about police brutality. Members of the organization began to monitor police behavior. As the group gained strength, they also started to lobby for improved city services for the many Native Americans living in run-down tenant apartments, and they developed survival schools where Native American youths could be taught about their culture. Over the next four years, AIM expanded throughout the country, forming 40 chapters in cities and on reservations. AIM leaders, such as Dennis Banks and Russell Means, became well-known spokesmen for Native American rights.
AIM participated in a number of high-profile demonstrations from the late 192s through the late 1970s. From November 1969 to June 1971, AIM members participated in a 19-month occupation of Alcatraz Island, site of an abandoned federal prison in San Francisco Bay. The protest was intended to draw attention to the poor conditions of Native American reservations throughout the United States. The protesters proposed establishing a center for Native American studies on the island. Another group of Native Americans, allied with AIM, occupied a surplus military facility in Davis, California, beginning in October 194. These actions resulted in the establishment of Native American-controlled D-Q University in Davis in 1971. D-Q University is named for Deganawidah, an Iroquois prophet, and Quetzelcoatl, the Aztec god of peace and civilization.
AIM staged many demonstrations to protest the U.S. government's treatment of Native Americans and the loss of their ancestral lands. In 1970 organization members participated in an occupation of a portion of Mount Rushmore National Monument in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Two years later, AIM members staged a Thanksgiving Day protest at Plymouth, Massachusetts, where the Pilgrims had landed in 1620, and briefly occupied a replica of the Pilgrim ship, the Mayflower.
AIM played a critical role in organizing the 1972 "Trail of Broken Treaties". Native American protesters converged on Washington, D.C., just before the presidential election in November. Marchers met with government officials at the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to present a 20-point program of demands. With police massed outside, marchers look over the BIA building and renamed it the "Native American Embassy". The occupation ended after authorities agreed to appoint a committee to study the demands and not to arrest the protesters.
The next major AIM action was the 1973 occupation of the town of Wounded Knee, the site of an infamous massacre of Native Americans by U.S. troops in 1890. Invited by tribal elders to protest a corrupt tribal government, AIM members and local allies took over the tiny hamlet. They were soon surrounded by agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), U.S. marshals, and the BIA police. The ensuing siege lasted for 70 days and ended in a standoff. A committee was appointed to examine the grievances that had led to the occupation, but no official action was ever taken.
AIM began to splinter apart. The organization's national office closed in 1975, and all national officer positions were dissolved in 1979. Although AIM staged "The Longest Walk", a 1978 march from California to Washington, D.C., to protest bills introduced to the U.S. Congress that would reduce or abolish Native American treaty rights, the group foundered without national leadership. The 1990s have seen a modest revival of the organization. In 1992 local AIM chapters protested the celebrations marking the 500-year anniversary of Columbus's first voyage to America. At a 1993 conference in New Mexico, 16 local AIM groups organized themselves as the Confederation of Autonomous AIM Chapters.
Why was AIM founded in 1968?
A Because the Native American needed their own activity center.
B Because of the police's bad and rude behaviour towards the Native American.
C Because the Native American was segregated.
D Because the American government realized the Native American's terrible living conditions.
Why did AIM organize a number of demonstrations from the late 192s through the late 1970s?
A To demonstrate their power and show their determination to fight against the government.
B To draw public attention to the poor conditions of Native American reservations throughout the United States and to protest the U.S, government's treatment of Native Americans and the loss of their ancestral lands.
C To appeal to the people to invest more money on the Native American.
D To protest the Vietnam War.
According to the passage, which of the following statement is NOT true?
A AIM chiefly organized the 1972 "Trail of Broken Treaties".
B The next major AIM action was the 1973 occupation of the town of Wounded Knee, the site of a bad-reputation massacre of Native Americans by U.S. troops in 1890.
C AIM began to splinter apart during 1970s.
D The 1990s have seen a severe revival of the organization.
Two conflicts convinced Western countries that they dared not reduce their forces too drastically, The first was the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. This came at the height of the happiness at the end of the Cold War and the new era of peace that was expected to follow. By January 1991 it was apparent that attempts to persuade Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein to withdraw through a combination of military threats, economic pressure, and diplomatic inducements had failed. American, British, and French forces found themselves using military equipment and concepts designed to deal with the Warsaw Pact in central Europe to defeat a moderate-sized Third World country. This brought home the lesson that in a world in which total war had become too horrific to contemplate even a limited war was no small matter and would demand considerable commitment.
Even so, the Gulf War was a relatively straightforward confrontation. It was against a known enemy over a clear-cut matter of principle and fought by means that played to the West's comparative advantages, for example in air power. To defense planners, this was much to be preferred to the considerably more complicated types of conflict where opponents merged easily into their surroundings, and adopted guerrilla warfare rather than open battle.
Prudent defense planners never want to get involved in messy civil wars, while the military dislikes having to get between warring groups. It is usually easier to get in than out of these conflicts. Yet even as troops were returning from the Gulf in the summer of 1991, Yugoslavia was starting to fall apart. By 1992, British and French forces were being deplored in Bosnia, along with contingents from other countries, to try to deliver humanitarian aid and soften the blows of a bitter ethnic conflict. Eventually, in 1995, now joined by the Americans, they began to take a much tougher line and this created the conditions for a political settlement, although not an early withdrawal of outside forces. They were still needed to keep the peace.
The experience of these conflicts illustrates some of the difficulties now faced by defense planners. They must prepare for a wide range of operations, from set-piece battles to vicious inter-communal skirmishes. Even though they may hope that total wars are things of the past for the major industrialized countries, limited wars might still require the sort of capabilities once assumed to be relevant only to total wars. Limited wars also come in all shapes and sizes. In 1982 the Falklands War was won through achieving naval superiority followed by an amphibious landing, while in 1991 Kuwait was liberated through air supremacy followed by a heavy armored advance. The first stage of the Gulf crisis involved a naval blockade -- the last stage involved light forces protecting Kurds. Bosnia involved a hybrid force of infantry geared to a low-intensity conflict supported by air power conducting a high-intensity campaign. Future conflicts might involve direct attacks on environmental targets or attempts to exploit the West's growing dependence on information technology. Terrorism and international criminal organizations are now often presented as the most serious threats to Western societies.
From the sentence "This brought home the lesson that in a world in which total war had become too horrific to contemplate even a limited war was no small matter and would demand considerable commitment.", we know that ______.
A the world has realized that a limited war was a piece of cake and demanded no matter
B the people urged to launch a limited war
C the world has realized that even a limited war was still terrible and needed to do a lot of things to finish it
D people were afraid to begin a limited war so the have done a lot of things to prevent it
According to the article, in the future which kind of warfare will be the main war form?
A An amphibious landing warfare.
B A low-intensity warfare supported by air power conducting a high-intensity campaign.
C Information warfare.
D Terrorism and international assassination.
The main idea of the article is about ______.
A defense planning after the Cold War
B defense planners' problems
C small conflicts in the world
D potential warfare
Patents, said Thomas Jefferson, should draw "a line between the things which are worth to the public the embarrassment of an exclusive patent, and those which are not". As the value that society places on intellectual property has increased, that line has become murkier--and the cause of some embarrassment, too. Around the world, patent offices are being inundated with applications. In many cases, this represents the extraordinary inventiveness that is occurring in new fields such as the internet, genomics and nanotechnology. But another, less-acceptable reason for the flood is that patent offices have been too lax in granting patents, encouraging many firms to rush to patent as many, often dubious, ideas as possible in an effort to erect legal obstacles to competitors. The result has been a series of messy and expensive court baffles, and growing doubts about the effectiveness of patent systems as a spur to innovation, just as their importance should be getting bigger.
In 1998 America introduced so-called "business-method" patents, granting for the first time patent monopolies simply for new ways of doing business, many of which were not so new. This was a mistake. It not only ushered in a wave of new applications, but it is probably inhibiting, rather than encouraging, commercial innovation, which had never received, or needed, legal protection in the past. Europe has not, so far, made the same blunder, but the European Parliament is considering the easing of roles for innovations incorporated in software. This might have a similarly deleterious effect as business-method patents, because many of these have been simply the application of computers to long-established practices. In Japan, firms are winning large numbers of patents with extremely narrow claims, mostly to obfuscate what is new and so to ward off rivals. As more innovation happens in China and India, these problems are likely to spread there as well.
There is an urgent need for patent offices to return to first principles. A patent is a government-granted temporary monopoly (patents in most countries are given about 20 years' protection) intended to reward innovators in exchange for a disclosure by the patent holder of how his invention works, thereby encouraging others to further innovation. The qualifying tests for patents are straightforward--that an idea be useful, novel and not obvious. Unfortunately most patent offices, swamped by applications that can run to thousands of pages and confronted by companies wielding teams of lawyers, are no longer applying these tests strictly or reliably. For example, in America, many experts believe that dubious patents abound, such as the notorious one for a "sealed crustless sandwich". Of the few patents that are re-examined by the Patent and Trademark Office itself, often after complaints from others, most are invalidated or their claims clipped down. The number of duplicate claims among patents is far too high. What happens in America matters globally, since it is the world's leading patent office, approving about 170,000 patents each year, half of which are granted to foreign applicants.
Europe's patent system is also in a mess in another regard: the quilt of national patent offices and languages means that the cost of obtaining a patent for the entire European Union is too high, a burden in particular on smaller firms and individual inventors. The European Patent Office may award a patent, but the patent holder must then file certified translations at national patent offices to receive protection. Negotiations to simplify this have gone on for over a decade without success.
As a start, patent applications should be made public. In most countries they are, but in America this is the case only under certain circumstances, and after 18 months. More openness would encourage rivals to offer the overworked patent office evidence with which to judge whether an application is truly novel and non-obvious. Patent offices also need to collect and publish data about what happens once patents are granted--the rate at which they are challenged and how many are struck down. This would help to measure the quality of the patent system itself, and offer some way of evaluating whether it is working to promote innovation, or to impede it.
But most of all, patent offices need to find ways of applying standards more strictly. This would make patents more difficult to obtain. But that is only right. Patents are, after all, government-enforced monopolies and so, as Jefferson had it, there should be some "embarrassment" (and hesitation) in granting them.
Which of the following is the main problem of the current patent system?
A Patent offices have been too lax in granting patents.
B Most patent offices are swamped by applications.
C It is probably inhibiting, rather than encouraging, commercial innovation.
D The quilt of national patent offices and languages
In the last 3a paragraph, "The qualifying tests for patents are straightforward--that an idea be useful, novel and not obvious." Here, "obvious" means ______.
A easily perceived or understood
B quite apparent
C standing in the way or in front
What's wrong with Europe's patent system?
A Lack of a unified patent system.
B Smaller firms and individual inventors tend to be neglected.
C Patent protection is not secure enough.
D Patent application process is too complex.
What suggestion does the author offer for the solution of those problems?
A More openness and stricter standards.
B To promote innovation.
C To reward innovators.
D To embarrass those applying for a patent.
Which of the following is NOT among the many problems with the current patent system?
A Patent offices are being inundated with applications.
B A series of messy and expensive court battles.
C Patent offices collect and publish data about what happens once patents are granted.
D Large numbers of patents with extremely narrow claims.
The words that contain only one morpheme are called ______.
A hound morphemes
C free morphemes
Speech act theory was first proposed by ______.
A John Searle
B John Austin
C Noam Chomsky
D John Firth
The name Australia comes from the Latin words meaning ______.
A happy land
B southern land
C big land
D rich land
New England is in the ______ of the United States.
Which of the following exposed the evils of the meatpacking industry?
A The Jungle.
B The Octopus.
C The History of the Standard Oil Company.
D The Shame of the Cities.
New Deal was the program of social and economic reforms introduced by President ______.
A L. B. Johnson
B Franklin. D. Roosevelt
D Gerald R. Ford
Easter falls officially on the ______ Sunday after the full moon of March.
______ linguistics refers to the study of a language or languages at a single point in time, without reference to earlier or later stages.
The novel ______ by Samuel Richardson is considered the first English psycho-analytical novel.
B Robinson Crusoe
C Jonathan Wild
The world's population continues to grow. There now are about 4 billion of us on
earth. That could reach 6 billion by the end of the century and 11 billion in a farther 75 (1) ______.
years. Experts have long been concerned about such a growth. Where will we find the
food, water, works, houses, schools and health care for all these people? A major new (2) ______.
study shows that the situation may be changing. A large and rapid drop in the world's
birth rate have taken place during the past 10 years. Families generally are smaller now (3) ______.
than they were a few years ago. It is happened in both developing and industrial nations. (4) ______.
Researchers said they found a number of reasons for this. More men and women are
waiting more longer to get married and are using birth control devices and methods to (5) ______.
prevent and delay pregnancy. More women are going to school or working at jobs away (6) ______.
from home instead having children. And more governments, especially in developing (7) ______.
nations, now support family planned programs to reduce population growth. China is (8) ______.
one of the nations that has made great program in reducing its population growth. China (9) ______.
has already cut off its rate of population growth by about one half since 1970. (10) ______.
The days of his youth appeared like dreams before him, and he recalled the serious moment when his father placed him at the entrance of the two roads--one leading to a peaceful, sunny place, covered with flowers, fruits and resounding wit soft, sweet songs; the other leading to a deep, dark cave, which was endless, where poison flowed instead of water and where devils and poisonous snakes hissed and crawled. He looked towards the sky and cried painfully, "O youth, return! O my father, place me once more at the entrance to life, and I'II choose the better way!" But both his father and the days of his youth had passed away.
What are the important things in your life? People have different ideas about this question. You are asked to write an article on this point to express your opinion. Write an article of 400 words on this. You should supply a title for your article. In the first part of your writing you should present your thesis statement, and in the second part you should support the thesis statement with appropriate details. In the last part you should bring what you have written to a natural conclusion with a summary. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks. Write your essay on the ANSWER SHEET.
The famous spy story books about the hero James Bond(007) are written by ______.
A. Agatha Christie
B. Dorothy Sayers
C. Ian Fleming
D. Conan Doyle