Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Money Management in College. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given, below :
Money Management in College
Students Without Borders
American students abroad are hardly rare: a report by the American Council on Education found that the number of U.S. institutions offering overseas opportunities rose from 65% in 2001 to 91% in 2006. Most of these programs range from a single week to several-months. But a new internationalism is spreading across American campuses, with an increasing number of colleges now offering their students degrees in conjunction with a partner institution in another country. In some cases, students get two separate degrees; less frequently they get a single shared degree from both schools. But whatever the definition, it is clear that many educators and administrators see these programs as the new shape of higher education.
Students like them, too. Emily Burchfield, a 21 year-old Clemson University senior, will have spent almost half her undergraduate years in Europe and eventually will earn two separate degrees in economics from two universities: Clemson in South Carolina and Belgium's prestigious University Catholique de Louvain. Burchfield, who loves studying in Europe, finds herself bursting into joyful laughter as she bikes around the Dutch city of Maastricht or prepares meals in her, dorm kitchen." On my corridor alone there are students from Brazil, France, Hong Kong, Turkey, Italy, and Japan," she says." We all come from such different places and cultures, but we share powerful experiences here. Living with people from allover the world teaches you tolerance and understanding-it's a powerful tool for peace. "
"The popularity of these programs really surprised us," says Frank Frankfort, coordinator of the European Union-United States Atlantis Program. The three-year-old Atlantis program has provided a significant portion of the seed money for projects like Clemson's. In this collaborative funding venture between the EU and a U. S. government department, both sides have allocated about $ 4. 5 million each in grants. American participants pay their school fees at home and Washington awards travel payments of about $ 5,000 a semester to U. S. citizens or permanent residents. European students who come to the U. S. get similar grants from the EU.
Atlantis is currently funding up to 18 international projects and is considering about 75 funding requests for 2009-2010; many other universities have launched programs with other funding sources. One of Atlantis's recent grant recipients; Bentley University's international bachelor's in information management (I. B. I. M.) degree. Undergrads accepted into the program spend a total of four terms (two academic years)at the Waltham, Mass. ,business school; three terms at the University of Tilburg in the Netherlands; and a term at Spain's Deus to University. They will graduate with a Bachelor of Science in management from Bentley and a Bachelor of Science in information systems from Tilburg. "We started this because we feel that students need to know and understand business around the world," says Mary AnnRobbert, an associate professor at Bentley and a grant writer for the program." it really puts a stamp on them when they apply for different positions-it shows they can function anywhere."
Students enrolled in the program share Robbert's hope that their degree mix will open new career opportunities. Sophomores Lisa Luk and Wilder Baird, both 19,said shortly before leaving for their first term at Tilburg that they were attracted by the idea of cultural immersion as well as the opportunity to put something different on their resumes. Luk looks forward to the academic challenges; Baird hopes to put himself on track for an M. B. A. and a job across the Atlantic." College has been so much better than I expected," says Baird. "I'm hoping Europe will be the same."
Classes at Tilburg will be taught in English, but the Bentley classes are still expected to take a course in Dutch and to have some Spanish proficiency for their Deusto stint. Indeed, many-but not all-double-degree programs are taught in English. Other popular languages are French or German. Those in the Clemson program, for example, are taught in French at Louvain and are also expected to take a Dutch course in Maastricht. "We want them to be cultural participants, not cultural observers," says Mark McKnew, a management professor at Clemson's business college. For the Clemson students, that opportunity is one of the best parts of the program. "I haven't really had any problems with the language requirements," Kelley Jonkoff, 22,said in an e-mail. "It takes me longer to read my texts in French, and there are moments when I'm not as articulate as I would like to be when writing exams in French, but overall everything is more than manageable." And, yes, she loves the fact that being in Europe allows her to travel to different countries on weekends.
Undergrads who opt for a double degree can expect to work harder and face a more rigid curriculum than their single-degree counterparts. For the colleges, bureaucracy and quality control can be a problem, as each institution has to agree on standards, selectivity, continuity, and course structure. Jan Helge Bohn, an associate professor in mechanical engineering at Virginia Tech, for example, recalls that his university had to get 10 different academic departments to signoff on a partnership program with the Darmstadt University of Technology in Germany.
Peggy Blumenthal, executive vice president for the New York-based Institute of International Education (IIE) ,notes that U.S. students are less interested in spending long periods abroad than their international counterparts are in coming to the U.S. Case in point: the State University of New York's (SUNY) partnership with nine Turkish universities in a dual diploma program. The SUNY-Turkey program has grown swiftly since its launch in 2000; some 1,800 students are now enrolled, and almost 240 graduated in 2009. All the traffic, though, is one way-Turkish students have come to New York, but no American students have gone to Turkey so far. Educators are now focused on equalizing the flow.
For students who want more latitude than the double-degree programs allow, other opportunities are expanding, too." By the mid-21st century, students will be spending a lot more time abroad," says Sally Blount, dean of the undergraduate college at New York University's Stern School of Business. Blount has initiated two new degree options for Stern students since 2008:a world-studies track and a B. S. in business and political economy that takes students on extended stays in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. An increasing number of universities, encouraged by the interest and supporting fund, are trying to develop additional international exchange programs. For early adopters like Burchfield, Baird, Luk, and Jonkoff, that can only be welcome news. "Internationalism," says Blount," will be the new model for undergraduate education.
What do we learn about the new shape of higher education?
A Overseas study programs last from a single week to several months.
B The two institutions always share one single degree.
C American students started to study abroad in 2001.
D More programs offer a second degree of another domestic university.
Why could international students be helpful to peace according to Emily Burchfield?
A They all try to be powerful.
B They learn tolerance and understanding.
C They are able to speak foreign languages.
D They have courses on politics.
What makes Frank Frankfort feel surprised according to the passage?
A The fame of Atlantis program.
B The reputation of the institutions.
C The wide acceptance of the programs.
D The preferential enrollment policies.
What is the expectation of students enrolled in the student exchange program?
A High position in top management.
B Permanent residency in other countries.
C More career opportunities.
D Political participation chances.
Why are many classes in foreign partner institutions taught in other languages instead of English?
A Most students have poor proficiency in English.
B It is one aspect of the language requirements.
C The exchange curricula provide multiple focuses.
D It aims to make the students really participate in the culture.
What could be a trouble colleges are facing to give a double degree?
A Enrollment rate.
B Quality supervision.
C Inappropriate evaluation.
D Unnecessary procedures.
What causes the imbalance of student mobility according to Peggy Blumenthal?
A Foreign students would like to stay at home.
B American students are reluctant to stay abroad.
C Foreign students are eager to immigrate to the U.S.
D International students have various culture shocks.
Faced with the imbalance of student mobility, American educators are concentrating on______.
More and more universities are planning to develop international exchange programs encouraged by______.
According to Blount,______ will become the new style for higher education.
A Borrow another classmate's textbook.
B Check the classroom once again.
C Buy a new math textbook.
D Ask the lost-and-found office.
A He doesn't recommend going to Central Mountains.
B He doesn't plan to go skiing during spring break.
C He has never been to Central Mountains himself.
D He doesn't like skiing in the high mountains.
A His job starts next week.
B He's eager to start his new job.
C His professor was mistaken about the job.
D He believes the job interview went well.
A She doesn't meet with Kevin today.
B She can't wait any longer for Kevin.
C Kevin is always late.
D Kevin has no watch.
A She can help the man until lunch time.
B She cannot read the applications until after her class.
C She has a class after lunch.
D She also plans to apply to graduate school.
A He always exercises on Wednesday.
B He would like to play tennis with the woman this week.
C He thinks the woman plays tennis as well as he does.
D He always plays tennis with the same person.
A He knows who will be performing in the musical.
B He doubts whether the theater group will perform a musical.
C The theater group needs to select a new director.
D The director has probably chosen the musical.
A She is looking for a job on campus.
B She can get the materials they gave out at the meeting.
C She went to the meeting with her roommate.
D She is too busy to help the man.
A They are talking about the qualities a person should have.
B They are practicing descriptive words about people.
C They are making dialogues in their class.
D They are talking about good people around them.
A Understanding his subordinates well.
B Offering a good pay to his workers.
C Being responsible to his workers.
D Being good at communicating.
A He is a good father.
B He has no child.
C He likes children very much.
D He understands children.
A How should we care for precious metal.
B A standard unit for measuring weight.
C How to judge the value of precious metals.
D An introduction of the metric system.
A To check the accuracy of scales.
B To calculate the density of other metals.
C To observe changes in the atmosphere.
D To measure amounts of rainfall.
A Someone spilled water on it.
B Someone lost it carelessly.
C It was no longer accurate.
D The measuring standard had changed.
A It is only a small amount to pay for so much precious metal.
B It is difficult to judge the value of such an object.
C It is reasonable for an object with such an important function.
D It is too expensive for such a light metal.
A By increasing the flow of blood.
B By taking in more nutrition.
C By digesting food more quickly.
D By using energy in our body properly.
A It's the name of a native Colombian.
B It has gyms in all countries around the world.
C It occupies the first place in fitness industry.
D It's a dance-fitness program.
A He created Zumba in the 1990s.
B He spread Zumba to the world in 2002.
C He is an American-Colombian.
D He was fat before he created the program.
A Zumba is bond to disappear.
B Zumba is facing lots of problems.
C Zumba develops with great future.
D Zumba will soon become number one.
A The teachers will know the students much better.
B Every student can have more resources to share.
C More activities are provided for the individual student.
D Every student's potential can be well-developed.
A The major activities the colleges provide,
B The strongest subjects of the colleges.
C The famous sports teams the colleges have.
D The kinds of services the colleges provide.
A One's attitude.
B One's ability.
C One's scores.
D One's dream.
A Water and food.
B Heat and sand.
C Medicine and water.
D Plant and animals.
A It can alleviate skin and back problems.
B It can make people survive in hot days.
C It can help defend many diseases.
D It can prolong people's life.
Ever since humans began using their minds to master their environment, the (1)_______and use of an excellent memory has been (2)_______for anyone rising to positions of command and respect, No great leader in human history was thought to have a bad memory. As a matter of fact, the people who are looked down upon by history, (3)_______.from not having good leadership skills, often were the ones with poor memories.
The use of memory (4)_______reached its summit in the Middle Ages. People in the Middle Ages were crazy about memory systems. It seems to have had a lot to do with the (5)_______of paper, but there were other reasons as well. (6)_______systems in religion, law, government, business, and what we would nowadays call "media" were developing. In short, there was a lot to memorize. Everything in European culture of the time reflected people's efforts to organize information in their heads. Cathedrals, with their painted wall paintings and (7)_______glass windows were systems for memorizing the Bible, the Saints and the teachings of the church. Multi colored manuscripts were vivid and colorful (8)_______which helped in the retention of information. (9)___________________________________________________________Merchants and businessmen memorized enormous poems, hundreds of lines long, (10)___________________________________________________________were basically the news anchors of the Middle Ages, would often get together for memory competitions. It was (11)___________________________________________________________
You could fill a store with all the energy drinks now available. They promise to make people feel more energetic and think more clearly. These products have names like Red Bull, Monster, and 5-Hour Energy. They appeal mainly to young people and are fueled mainly by caffeine.
Chad Reissig at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, is a medical researcher who studies drug dependence. He says the team he works on got interested in studying energy drinks because of the explosion in their popularity in the last few years.
He says the researchers found three major things. One: there are hundreds of brands of energy drinks in most major countries. Two: the drinks are not clearly labeled with enough information. And three: the amount of caffeine varies greatly. Some contain as little as 50 milligrams, others as much as 500. By comparison, a cup of Starbucks brewed coffee contains 330 milligrams in 473 milliliters.
Some energy drinks contain a mixture of ingredients listed as an "energy blend." Some ingredients are naturalsubstances. But Chad Reissig says scientists do not know a lot about them and how they interact with each other and caffeine. And worse, he says, there is no listing of the amount of each ingredient.
Some people combine energy drinks with alcohol. They think they can drink more alcohol that way and not be affected. Studies, however, suggest that they are still under the influence of the alcohol even if they do not feel that way.
Some makers of energy drinks do provide warnings. For example: a popular energy shot warns against use by people who are pregnant, nursing a baby or under the age of twelve. Energy shots are small bottles of liquid. The directions also advise people to limit caffeine products and to drink only half the bottle which is regarded as a moderate amount.
The team at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine published a report in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence. They suggested better labeling with the amount of caffeine and other ingredients clearly listed on the drink. The researchers are continuing to study energy drinks. They arc currently seeking young people who have had an unpleasant experience after drinking them.
Chad Reissig's team was attracted to the research of energy drinks due to ______in recent years.
According to the researchers,______ is significantly different from one drink to another.
What worries the scientists more is. that there is no listing of______.
For energy shots containing caffeine, the right amount to drink is only ______.
Now the researchers are focusing on those who had ______after drinking energy drinks.
"Nothing matters more to a child's education than good teachers." Anyone who's ever had a Ms. Green or a Mr. Miller whom they remember fondly instinctively knows this to be true. And while "Who's teaching my kid?" is an important question for parents to ask, there may be an equally essential (and rarely remarked upon)question-"Who's teaching my kid's teachers?"
On Thursday, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan went to Columbia University's Teachers College, the oldest teacher-training school in the nation, and delivered a speech blasting the education schools that have trained the majority of the 3.2 million teachers working in U. S. public schools today. "By almost any standard, many if not most of the nation's 1,450 schools, colleges and departments of education are doing a mediocre(普通的)job of preparing teachers for the realities of the 21st century classroom," he said to an audience of teaching students who listened with curiosity.
Duncan's speech raises another question; If most teacher colleges are "mediocre," does that mean the teachers they produce are equally ordinary?
One of the major problems with answering that question, says David Steiner, New York's education commissioner, is that we simply don't know, can't know. It is nearly impossible in many states to tell which teachers produce the best student outcomes, let alone which teacher colleges.
Which brings people like Steiner to a central concern: What good are teachers' credentials if we can't tell how much their students are learning?
To that end, Duncan said, "I am urging every teacher-education program today to make better outcomes for students the primary mission." He suggested that more states adopt a model currently being used in Louisiana in which student test scores in grades 4-9 are traced back to their teachers, who are in turn traced back to their place of training, whether it be an education school or an alternative certification program.
"If you want to get more effective teachers, one of the obvious places to begin is to look at the supply side." Says George Noell, a researcher at Louisiana State University. Although such measures may seem a punishment to education schools, that's not the point. Rather, the ideal situation would be to have schools use the feedback to improve the quality of their instruction.
Concern over the ability of teacher colleges to produce effective teachers has long existed. As Duncan points out, one of his predecessors, Richard Riley, put education colleges on notice a full decade ago. The difference, as Duncan never misses an opportunity to say, is that the Federal Government now has financial incentives through which to effect change.
Smart as they may be, trace-back programs are still likely to meet resistance. "Who wakes up one morning and says, ‘I want to be publicly accountable? "' says Noell." That's kind of scary for anybody. Nobody wants to be embarrassed.
What do we know about Ms. Green or Mr. Miller in Paragraph One?
A They are teachers who are teaching our children.
B They were teachers we liked in our school years.
C They were teachers who taught our kids' teachers.
D They know how to be the best teachers.
The speech delivered by Arne Duncan at Columbia University was about______.
A the ability of education schools to produce competent teachers
B urging education schools to train more teachers for U.S. public schools
C how to prepare teachers for the 21st century classroom teaching
D what kind of teachers can produce better students outcomes
Why did Duncan recommend adopting the model being used in Louisiana?
A The model will let us know how much students have learned.
B The model will help education schools aim at making better outcomes for students.
C The model will allow students to be marked by their ultimate outcomes.
D The model will urge teachers to pay more attention to students' scores.
What was Richard Riley's opinion about teacher colleges?
A The inability of teacher colleges has existed for a long time.
B He disagreed with Duncan on the ability of teacher colleges.
C He realized teacher colleges couldn't produce effective teachers.
D He put education colleges on notice due to the lack of governmental financial support.
What do we know about trace-back programs according to the passage?
A Trace-back programs will scare and embarrass everybody.
B In these programs some measures will be taken to punish education schools.
C Some people might resist these programs for fear of account ability.
D Every school uses feedbacks to instruct their students.
For anyone who has had to wait a long time to schedule a medical appointment, it might seem as if the world needs more doctors, and that training more of them would be a good idea. An amendment that teaching hospitals are pushing to include in the health care legislation would do just that. It would add 15,000 medical residency slots to the 100,000residencies(住院医生实习)the federal government now finances, most of them through Medicare.
This amendment is being heavily promoted by several doctor specialty societies. But that doesn't mean it's a good idea. It would raise Medicare's bill for residencies, which is already $ 9 billion a year. More important, since the cost of health care follows the supply of doctors, the added slots would substantially increase the national health care bill. And the measure would not address the underlying reason that patients are forced to wait to see doctors.
Over the past 20 years, the number of doctors in relation to the American population has risen by 30%.Yet in many parts of the country, more doctors has simply meant more doctors, not better access for patients, not better communication among a patient's health care providers, and not better results. The truth is that regions with the higher number of doctors per capita (人均) tend to deliver lower quality care at a higher cost.
Increasing the number of doctors would make our health care system worse, not better, because the United States doesn't actually need more doctors. What we do need instantly is for primary care to reclaim its central role in the delivery of medicine, to provide the preventive care, chronic disease management and coordination of services that is lacking in so many parts of the country. Primary care doctors can help patients avoid unnecessary visits to specialists, hospitals and emergency rooms, thus lowering health care costs. Our present national problem is that primary care doctors are leaving their practices in droves, driven out by their low pay, long hours and mountains of paperwork. Some of them go to work in emergency rooms or hospitals, others become specialists, and many simply abandon medicine.
Before adding residency slots, Congress should demand that academic medical centers come up with a plan to improve the disorganized, fragmented care that plagues much of the country. Insurers and Medicare should pay family-practice doctors and general internists enough to keep them in the field. And federal financing for medical education programs should hinge on their plans to train more primary care doctors and fewer specialists.
Otherwise, we'll simply end up perpetuating a system in which too many doctors provide poor-quality care at too high a price.
Why does the author not regard the amendment as a good idea?
A It couldn't be accepted by the health care legislation.
B It could not reduce the national health care bill greatly.
C It lacks support from doctor specialty societies.
D It would bump up health care expenses.
What can we learn from the third paragraph?
A The American population has grown 30 percent for the last 20 years.
B The number of doctors plays a key role in patients' waiting misery.
C The increased number of doctors do not mean better benefits for patients.
D The more doctors, the higher the cost doctors charge is.
What is our immediate necessity for our health care system?
A To decrease the doctor's number.
B To reestablish primary care's key point.
C To expand the medicine delivery.
D To cut down health care cost.
What is the national-wide concern currently?
A Primary care doctors' low pay.
B Long hours' work of primary care doctors.
C The loss of primary care doctors.
D The lack of emergency room.
To provide high-quality care, which of the following effort is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A To perfect the defective care.
B To improve primary care doctors' income.
C To increase the number of primary care doctors.
D To increase finance support for primary care doctors.
Two recent innovations have gained a lot of attention for the way they empower women. One is microcredit(小额贷款) ,a system helping female microentrepreneurs(小企业家) climb out of (1) .The other is the mobile phone, which has (2) women to earn a (3) living by buying a phone and renting it out to other villagers in some developing countries.
Some innovations have been harmful (4) women, especially in the developing world. One in this has been new technology that allows parents to (5) their baby's sex early in a pregnancy-and thus to (6) females in countries where male (7) are valued more highly. Other innovations also bring more benefits to men than women. For example, women are (8) to be only 25% of internet users in the world.
What makes (9) a successful pro-women innovation? The report of a new study by the International Centre for Research on Women say sit is usually the (10) of several positive factors. As with all innovation, a good idea is not enough (11) itself: it also needs a favourable (12) ,including political, economic and social conditions that make the time right for its (13) ,and an innovation system that excels at finding and testing good ideas and quickly scaling them (14) . But the invention must also have an/a (15) value that compels women to (16) it-such as the power the birth-control pill gave women (17) the decision to become pregnant.
(18) some of the innovations, including the Pill, were explicitly designed for women, other shave been designed for men and women (19) ,but have disproportionally benefited women, Micro credit is one example, (20) because poor men seem to be more feckless (没有价值的)borrowers than their female counterparts.
A in no way
B at risk
C at present
D in part
It's difficult to get ahead but______(要保持领先就更难).
They built deep shelters, ______ (希望如果发生核战争可以生存下去).
There______(没有其他工作可做了), all the lawyers decided to call it a day.
The education budget for the coming year is about $ 4 billion,______(比人们预想的要多得多).
It was not until he arrived at the railway station(他才意识到忘了拿车票).