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2017年大学三级(A)考前冲刺试题及答案解析(八)
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第 1 题:Listening Comprehensionm(Section A ) :

1小题>

A At a hotel.

B At an airport.

C At a restaurant.

D At a bank.

2小题>

A It is bigger.

B It is a prettier color.

C It has a larger garden.

D It has a prettier garden.

3小题>

A Anderson is hungry.

B Anderson is not hungry.

C Anderson is full.

D Anderson is not full.

4小题>

A Next week.

B This week.

C The day after tomorrow.

D Tomorrow.

5小题>

A She'll go to the theatre.

B She'll go to England.

C She'll drive to see her sister.

D She' i1 drive her mother to the airport.

第 2 题:Listening Comprehensionm(Section B) :

1小题>

A Dark and light blue.

B Dark and light green.

C Dark and light brown.

D Dark and light yellow.

2小题>

A America.

B Denmark.

C Canada.

D China.

第 3 题:Listening Comprehensionm(Section B) :

1小题>

A In a shop.

B At a hotel.

C At a restaurant.

D At a library.

2小题>

A Two rings.

B A gold necklace.

C A ring and two gold necklace.

D Two rings and a gold necklace.

3小题>

A He isn' t satisfied with the woman' s answer.

B He is angry.

C He is sad.

D He is happy.

第 4 题:Listening Comprehensionm (Section C ):


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第 5 题:单选题:

I regret ______ the novel to Jim because he made it very dirty.

A) to lend

B) having lent

C) to be lending

D) lent

第 6 题:单选题:

She moved away from her parents, and missed them ______ enjoy the exciting life in New York.

A) too much to

B) enough to

C) very much to

D) so much to

第 7 题:单选题:

Up went the prices and ______.

A) the living standard came down

B) down did the living standard come

C) came down the living standard

D) down came the living standard

第 8 题:单选题:

The work they are doing is ______ great value.

A) in

B) of

C) by

D) from

第 9 题:单选题:

______, the negotiation went further on.

A) With the ftrst point agreeing on

B) With the first point agreed on

C) With the first point to agree on

D) With agreeing on the first point

第 10 题:单选题:

The ratio of the work done by the machine ______ the work done on it is called the efficiency of the machine.

A) against

B) with

C) to

D) for

第 11 题:单选题:

Kevin is the only student in the class ______ failed in the exam.

A) who

B) that

C) which

D) whom

第 12 题:单选题:

The doctor insisted that Paul' s mother ______ examined thoroughly.

A) would be

B) must be

C) be

D) should have been

第 13 题:单选题:

There is no doubt ______ Herbert is the most industrious student in our class.

A) whether

B) what

C) that

D) if

第 14 题:单选题:

The projects ______ by the end of 2002 will expand the city' s telephone network to cover 1,000,000 users.

A) being accomplished

B) to be accomplished

C) accomplished

D) having been accomplished

第 15 题:填空题:

It's about two hour's (fly) ______ from Xi'an to Beijing.
 

第 16 题:填空题:

When I last saw Seaman, he (hurry) ______ to his next class and did not have time to talk.
 

第 17 题:填空题:

Your suggestion that the meeting (be) ______ cancelled is reasonable.
 

第 18 题:填空题:

It is the feathers that ( able) ______ a bird to fly.
 

第 19 题:填空题:

The U. S. population of kids (grow) ______ since the 1970s, and will remain at high levels through the 1990s.
 

第 20 题:填空题:

The mother placed the blanket over the boy, leaving only his face (uncover) ______
 

第 21 题:填空题:

The workers felt angry that their manager was trying to escape his (responsible) ______.
 

第 22 题:填空题:

The little girl could do nothing but (weep) ______.
 

第 23 题:填空题:

Radio was the pilot's only means of (communicate) ______.
 

第 24 题:填空题:

He got to know that the earth (move) ______ around the sun at the age of four.
 

第 25 题:Reading Comprehension:

There are some steps you can take yourself to avoid catching a cold. Contrary to popular belief, colds are not caused by exposure to severe weather. Colds are caused by viruses (病毒) harbored in the body, and you' re better off out on the ski slopes or even waiting for the bus on a snowy day than you are in a warm room, surrounded by friends, co-workers, or fellow students, who just may be passing the viruses around. If you feel a chill when you' re coming down with a cold, you' re already sick. A chill is an early symptom: it' s the cold that caused the chill, not the other way around.
   While the virus can spread through droplets (飞沫) propelled into the air when a cold-sufferer coughs or sneezes. Surprisingly, this is not the most common route of transmission. Numerous studies have now shown that the overwhelming majority of colds are "caught" by hand contact. A cold sufferer rubs her nose, thereby transferring the virus to her hand. Then a friend comes to visit. "Don' t kiss me," she cautions, so the friend steps back and presses her hand. The friend then wipes her own nose or eye, and several days later is stricken with a cold. Or parents pick up their child' s discarded(丢弃的) tissues and carefully throw them away, but fail to wash their hands afterward.
   Cold viruses also can be transferred to objects-telephones, towels, plates and remain infectious for up to three hours. Frequent hand-washing--on the part of the cold sufferer as well as other members of the household-will minimize the spread of viruses in this way.

1小题>

According to the author, we are most likely to catch a cold if we ______.

A attend a party with a lot of people

B stay long hours in the street on a snowy day

C go out on an extremely cold and windy day

D go skiing or skating in the open air

2小题>

From what the author says, we can infer that "Exposure to severe weather causes colds. " is ______.

A only a supposition of doctors

B still the view held by many people

C an out-of-date view of people in the past

D a fact already proven by doctors

3小题>

To prevent viruses from spreading, we should ______.

A shake hands with our friends instead of kissing them

B never touch the telephones, towels or plates

C often wash our hands

D often rub our noses and eyes

4小题>

Man is most likely to be stricken with a cold if ______.

A he often rubs his eyes or nose

B he fails to expose the cold viruses to air

C he visits his friend in a warm room

D he shakes hands with a cold-sufferer

5小题>

The best title for this passage might be ______.

A Colds and Viruses

B Ways to Avoid Colds

C The Spread of Viruses

D Hand Contact and Transmission of Viruses

第 26 题:Reading Comprehension:

The human brain contains 10 thousand million cells and each of these may have a thousand connections. Such enormous numbers used to discourage us and cause us to dismiss the possibility of making a machine with human-like ability, but now that we have grown used to moving forward at such a pace we can be less sure. Quite soon, in only 10 or 20 years perhaps, we will be able to assemble a machine as complex as the human brain, and if we can we will. It may then take us a long time to render it intelligent by loading in the right software(软件) or by altering the architecture but that too will happen.
   I think it is certain that in decades, not centuries, machines of silicon (硅) will arise first to rival and then exceed their human ancestors. Once they exceed us they will be capable of their own design. In a real sense they will be able to reproduce themselves. Silicon will have ended carbon' s long control. And we will no longer be able to claim ourselves to be the finest intelligence in the known universe.
   As the intelligence of robots increases to match that of humans and as their cost declines through economies of scale we may use them to expand our frontiers, first on earth through their ability to withstand environments, harmful to ourselves. Thus, deserts may bloom and ,the ocean beds be mined. Further ahead, by a combination of the great wealth this new age will bring and the technology it will provide, the construction of a vast, mancreated world in space, home to thousands or millions of people, will be within our power.

1小题>

In what way can we make a machine intelligent?

A By making it work in such environments as deserts, oceans or space.

B By working hard for 10 or 20 years.

C By either properly programming it or Changing its structure.

D By reproducing it.

2小题>

What does the writer think about machines with human-like ability?

A He believes they will be useful to human beings.

B He believes that they will control us in the future.

C He is not quite sure in what way they may influence us.

D He doesn' t consider the construction of such machines possible.

3小题>

The word "carbon" ( Line 3, Para. 2) stands for ______.

A intelligent robots

B a chemical element

C an organic substance

D human beings

4小题>

A robot can be used to expand our frontiers when ______.

A its intelligence and cost are beyond question

B it is able to bear the rough environment

C it is made as complex as the human brain

D its architecture is different from that of the present ones

5小题>

It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

A after the installation of a great number of cells and connections, robots will be capable of self-reproduction

B with the rapid development of technology, people have come to realize the possibility of making a machine with human-like ability

C once we make a machine as complex as the human brain, it will possess intelligence

D robots will have control of the vast, man-made world in space

第 27 题:Reading Comprehension:

 Directions:you are required to complete the outline below it . You should write your answer briefly ( in no more than 3 words) on the Answer Sheet correspondingly.

Environment is everything that surrounds us: plants, animals, buildings, country, air, water-in fact everything that can affect us in any way. And environment differs in different parts of the world.
   Ecology is the science of how living creatures and plants exist together and depend on each other on the local environment. Where an environment is undisturbed, the ecology of an area is in balance. But if a creature dies out or an alien(相异的) species is introduced, then the ecology of this area will be upset.
   Man is a part of the environment and has done more to upset the ecology during his short span on earth than any other living creature. He has poisoned the atmosphere and polluted both land and water. He has wasted the earth' s natural resources with no thought for the future. He has killed a lot of precious animals for his delicacies (精美的食品) on the table and for his elegant overcoats.
   Since man has done so much damage, it is up to man to try to put matters right. And the sooner he does something about it, the better.
   1)  (1)   is everything that surrounds us.
   2)  (2)   is the science of how living creatures and plants exist together.
   3) The ecology of an area is  (3)   , where an environment is undisturbed.
   4) Man is  (4)   of the environment.
   5) Man has poisoned the atmosphere and  (5)   both land and water.

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第 28 题:Reading Comprehension:

Directions:you are required to find the Chinese equivalents in the table below. Then you should put the corresponding letters on the Answer Sheet, numbered 1 through 5.

   A-socialist economy                              D-planned economy
   B-capitalist economy                             E-controlled economy
   C-collective economy                             F-rural economy
   G-liberal economy                               O-economic balance
   H-mixed economy                                 P-economic fluctuation
   I-political economics                           Q-economic depression
   J-protectionism                                 R-economic stability
   K-primary sector                                S-economic policy
   L-private sector                                T-economic recovery
   M-public sector                                 U-economic trend
   N-economic channels                             V-economic situation

1小题>

( ) 经济平衡           ( ) 经济复原

2小题>

( ) 公共部门           ( ) 社会主义经济

3小题>

( ) 经济趋势           ( ) 经济波动

4小题>

( ) 混合经济           ( ) 政治经济学

5小题>

( ) 自由经济           ( ) 经济形势

第 29 题:Reading Comprehension:

Directions: After reading it you are required to complete the answers that follow the questions. You should write your answers briefly ( in no more than 4 words ) on the Answer Sheet correspondingly.

HOURS OF OPERATION: Dream world is open every day of the year from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p. m. , except Christmas Day. Hours of operation may be extended during holiday periods.
LOCATION: Dream world is 20 kilometers north of Suffers Paradise on the Gold Coast (25 minutes', drive) .
TICKETS : Children aged between 4 to 13 are charged half price, while those 14 years and over are charged full admission. Children under 4 years are free.

1小题>

On which day will Dreamworld be closed?
   ______.

2小题>

How many hours of operation are there every day?
   ______.

3小题>

How long will it take to drive there?
   ______.

4小题>

How will the hours of operation be altered during holiday periods?
   It may ______.

5小题>

Who will be charged haft price?
   Children aged between ______.

第 30 题:单选题:

Banks compete for customers just like other places of business,so you can shop around for the best bargains.

A) 银行业也像其他行业一样为争取顾客而竞争,所以选择银行时要货比三家。

B) 银行业也像其他地方一样为顾客竞争,所以要到最合适的廉价商店购物。

C) 银行业也像其他地方一样为顾客竞争,所以存钱时最好讨价还价。

D) 银行业也像其他行业一样为争取顾客而竞争,所以要选择最好的。

第 31 题:单选题:

We know that a cat, whose eyes can take in many more rays of light than our eyes, can see clearly in the night.

A) 猫的眼睛比人的眼睛吸收的光束要多得多,所以猫在夜里能看得清楚,我们很明白这一点。

B) 我们知道猫的眼睛能吸收比我们的眼睛更多的光线,所以它们在夜里能看得很清楚。

C) 我们知道由于猫的眼睛比人的眼睛能吸收更多的光线,所以猫在夜里能看得很清楚。

D) 猫的眼睛能吸收比人类的眼睛更多的光束,所以它们在夜里能看得见,我们很清楚这一点。

第 32 题:单选题:

Though even these buildings are occasionally threatened,their reputation does protect them to some extent.

A) 虽然这些建筑不断地受到威胁,但它们的名气多少能保护它们。

B) 虽然这些建筑有时会受到威胁,但在某些方面它们的名气能保护它们。

C) 虽然这些建筑有时会受到威胁,但它们的名气多少能保护它们。

D) 虽然这些建筑不断的被威胁,但在某些方面它们的名誉能保护它们。

第 33 题:单选题:

Historical evidence shows that birth and death rates level off as countries move into the industrial stage.

A) 历史资料显示,随着国家进入工业社会阶段,人口出生率和死亡率会持平。

B) 历史材料表明,人口出生率和死亡率会下降,因为一些国家进入了工业阶段。

C) 历史材料表明,随着一些国家进入工业高度发展阶段,这些国家的人口出生率和死亡率将会持平。

D) 历史经验告诉我们,人口出生和死亡的比率下降是因为每个国家把重点都放在工业上。

第 34 题:填空题:

Welcome to Taiwan,the beautiful island where Chinese age old culture is preserved in all its glory.The best way to see the most of Taiwan during your visit is by car,a Hertz car.So take advantage of this special offer for car rental which is given to you with the compliments of CAL(华航) and Hertz.
 

第 35 题:填空题:

You are required to create an advertisement according to the following instructions given in Chinese.Remember to write the message inno less than 80 words on the Composition/Translation Sheet.

说明:按下列所给信息写一则招聘广告。
   东方(中国) 投资有限公司是世界上主要石油天然气公司之一,现正寻找一名工程师。
   职责:
   ● 工程设计
   ● 施工监督
   ● 培训工人
   条件:
   ● 化学工程大专文凭
   ● 三年相关经验
   ● 表达能力强
   ● 获高等学校英语应用能力考试A级证书
   有意者请发简历至oriental@ hotmail com.
   Words for reference:
   东方(中国) 投资有限公司Oriental(China) Investment Co.Ltd:
   天然气gas;大专文凭college diploma;高等学校英语应用能力考试A级PRETCO(Level A)

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